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A Poor Man's Rich Legacy

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice
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October 26, 2021 8:00 am

A Poor Man's Rich Legacy

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice

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October 26, 2021 8:00 am

Taste and see that the Lord is good! This week on The Bible Study Hour with Dr. James Boice, we’ll see in Psalm 34 that David has once again escaped the hands of his enemy. He has nothing and no one, yet David gives his testimony of all that God has done for Him. This psalm is a reminder that we should praise God at all times, through both the good and the bad.

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Taste and see that the Lord is good today on the Bible study our David has once again escaped the hands of his enemy, he has nothing and no one yet. David gives his testimony of all that God has done for him.

This Psalm is a reminder that we should praise God at all times through both the good and the bad are welcome to the Bible study our radio and Internet broadcast with Dr. James Boyce preparing you to think and act biblically. Who do you turn to when life gets tough. David turned to God in praise during the good times but he also obediently turned to him when things were uncertain. If you have your Bible turned out to Psalm 34 were studying Psalm 34 and I invite you to turn to that good Saul and it speaks to loss of number of very important things. 14 Psalms the seller that refer in their title to some incident from the life of David O's titles are not always very instructive for understanding the Psalm, but sometimes they are and that's undoubtedly the case here. This title says that the Psalm has something to do with that time in David's life well and I'm quoting from it. He feigned insanity before Abimelech who drove him away and he left college story is found in first Samuel 21 was alone. In David's life are going to come back to what he had to flee from Saul was trying to kill them. He had to leave in a hurry. He had no possessions with them and he thought that he was in such danger of his life that he didn't dare stay in Saul's country anymore that is in his own land so he left Canaan, and he went down to the country bordering on the Mediterranean land of the Philistines and sought asylum in the town of Gath. I must've been very desperate to do so because Gath had been the home of Goliath. Goliath was the giant that he had killed some years before. Moreover, on his way down to Gath from Jerusalem. He stopped by mom where the priests of Bob gave him sort of Goliath because they had no weapons to take with them. So here is David on his own entering Gath, where Goliath came from carrying Goliath some sort.

Must've been a great offense to the fullest things I would have been offended if one who had killed my champion appeared carrying the sort and I probably must've presented some danger to David to because what this story & tells us is that he felt himself to be in such danger from make issue was the king there called Abimelech here in the title that he pretended to be insane. The made meaningless scribbles on the gate of the city and were told it sort of indelicate but were told that the allowed the saliva to run down on his beard like a madman might do so instead of having them arrested and killing him, which is what we might have expected Abimelech to do under the circumstances.

Abimelech drove them out. Abimelech said don't have enough crazy people around me all the time that you have to bring this madman here and he got rid of them and so is the title tells us David was driven out of the left were told in verse segment 21 is any escaped what he did after that was go back to his own land and he hid in the cave. A model which is where eventually he gathered the troops around them that were his bodyguard. During this bad.

Now that's an interesting story and it's one that I think we need to take seriously as a background to the story.

The soil itself is another one of these acrostic songs is the third one we've already seen to Psalms 9 and 10 go together and form one across six Psalm 25 is another. This is the third of acrostic Psalms 1, in which successive verses begin with successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet, so the first verse begins with Allah from the second begins with date someone 25 and this one leave out one of the letters Y all, which is also the word for.

And that's a little connective but maybe it wasn't considered significant off letter to be included. I don't know any other reason why would be left out. What is left out of these two notice are 22 verses and if you know the Hebrew alphabet, you know that there are 22 letters of the ones left out.

How come there 22 verses well because the last verse is introduced with another letter that's not part of the sequence.

I know the answer to that all that's the way these two are and are part of that kind of pattern is followed in a number of other places. Psalm 119 is the best known and that's all him each stanza of each verse of each stanza begins with one letter single letter. That's the way the progression goats. 22. It takes a long time to do it by the longest Psalm in the center of the longest chapter in the Bible, the psalmists quoted twice in the New Testament, and it's probably alluded to other places as well.

Verses 12 through 16. The first part of verse 16 are quoted in first Peter the third chapter, Peter is trying to show what behavior is required of us were to be blessed and our wives and this is what he says is required and then perhaps best known as the quotation of verse 20 and John 1936 is where John is giving an account of the crucifixion." This verse say that it was fulfilled when the time of the death of Christ know one came to break his bones, even though legs of the thief on the left and on the right were broken in order to hasten their demise. So the song that was known to the New Testament writers are quoted by the outline is easy, at least part of it is it falls in the two easy parts. Verses one through 10 of the first part and is David's testimony is why I've called this the poor man's rich legacy. The testimony is his legacy and he refers to himself as a poor man in verse six and then verses 11 to the end slightly longer section on instruction instruction in which she shifts from motive testimony to the role of the father instructing those who were younger than he is in the faith Spurgeon when he wrote about this said in the first half as a human. The second half of the sermon and probably that's a good way of looking at it now let's look at the first part. It falls into three parts itself of their divided by stances that we have in the new international version. First is the stance in which David is praising the Lord and invites other people to do it as well. And then there's the testimony itself, and then verse eight and following is an invitation to do as he did when we look at that first part first three verses if we recall that preceding song we finally got something that's almost the same first three verses of Psalm 33 are also like this is verses invited other people to praise the Lord when we were studying that I pointed out that they have six imperatives in the air. People are told to sing praise make music, sing again playing shout for joy six imperatives. Well, it's like that as we begin. Psalm 34, but not exactly on 33 is entirely imperatives and Psalm 33 the first two verses are actually an example of David doing what he's going to encourage others to do you find David actually praising God extolling him boasting in him in the first two verses of minutes only. Verse three turns to the imperatives and says glorify the Lord with me.

Let us exalt his name together.

If you think of the content of the two Psalms that's appropriate. First, is not a testimony. Psalm 33 is going to repost all the things that God has done and so the person it was written. This says to the people he's addressing looks sing in praise and rejoice in this great God herein. Psalm 34 David is telling how God delivered him what he did in his life and soul because he is remembering that he is praising God himself and yet it's usually the way with Christian people that when there praising God they don't like to do it alone will do it. Along with that writer and other people doing it with them and so David can simply say I will extol the Lord at all times of my soul.

Most of the body turns other people. He says come on do this to. Let's praise God together because he's a great God and he's worthy to be praised is another phrase and there. Indeed, it's the very first line is words at all times. They strike me because one of the things you come across in the commentaries when you're studying these solvents is skepticism on the part of the commentator and one thing they're very skeptical of is the value of these titles title I referred to earlier.

One commentator says that title contributes nothing to understanding the soul. Well that's always a pretty dangerous thing to say and as I look at it. I find that that phrase at all times is immediately illuminated by what we know from the title say this is not a wonderful time in David's life. This is a hard time in David's life and yet here he is praising God, praising him at all times.

I would apply that to us by saying it's a great privilege for us to praise God at all times and it's only those who know God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ who can do that otherwise you see praise God when things are good when things are bad. You complain here is David in a bad time to say I'm praising God. Now it's true what is praising God for us were delivering him as we begin to look at this in greater detail order to see that it wasn't an immediate deliverance to deliver them. And he would did escape death there in Gath at the hands of the Philistine king, but it was still bad. That's why later on is going to say a righteous man may have many troubles. Indeed, a man does what he says the Lord delivers them from the mall not always immediately. You see what he does now it's our privilege to do that as believing people so right at the beginning. See the Psalm is speaking to us now in verse 40 begins to describe what really happened. He said I sought the Lord and he answered me he delivered me from all my fears as a legitimate radio interfaces are never covered with shame.

This poor man called and the Lord heard him he saved him out of all his troubles. Angel of the Lord encamps around those who fear him, and he delivers them the very heart of David's testimony. I sought the Lord and he answered me he delivered me from all my fears. Let's think a little bit about that time in which he found himself is going to call himself in verse six this poor man he really was a poor man in the circumstances, I think that as far as his early life is concerned.

That is all that time leading up to the moment in which he became king. This undoubtedly refers to the lowest. You see, think back on what happened. If you read the previous chapter, there back in first Samuel, you find that David had had to leave Jerusalem and one thing he had to leave was his friend Jonathan. Jonathan was the son of King Saul Donovan was his friend Saul was his enemy.

Saul was behaving so belligerently the David hid in Jerusalem and he arranged with Jonathan that they would meet outside the city, and Jonathan would give a signal that would indicate the David weather was safe for them to return to the policy whether he had to leave whether his father was determined to kill him sign Jonathan gave was that his father was indeed trying to kill David and so they had a last meeting there and David had to leave I was a sad time for now.

As I said a moment ago I had nothing. David was a commander of a certain company of Saul's army and usually he traveled with the Army, but he didn't have the Army with him on this occasion and so matter-of-factly had nothing.

He didn't have any extra close with that we didn't even have food for his journey and that's the first reason why when Tanabe went down to this town of Bob and he went to the pre-similarity said you have any food he was hungry priest. Ahimelech was a little bit surprised that he had, without any army is in the way he was used to seeing David and perhaps also a little bit afraid something was going on that wasn't really say for him.

He began to make inquiries and David said now it was on a secret mission and he had to flee in a hurry and that's why he didn't have anything in the have any food in Ahimelech's of all I have is the consecrated bread. David said that's all right. I take that explain why was all right for them that the consecrated bread because it was on God's business and he was and then he said you have a weapon. Sarah didn't even have a sword, whether that's how we got Goliath sort because Ahimelech said well I have is I sorta Goliath. We batted here ever since you killed them eight or 10 years ago that was in so David said he would take that and so is with the bread the consecrated bread that he fled to Gath with the sword and when he had to get out of Gath danger of death by the king down there, he fled to the cave and out a lot. Now he is absolutely alone, so you have to understand that absolutely alone is nothing no money with it. Is there by himself in the K because of you read first Samuel 21 you find it is after this, but his family and his brothers father's household here. He's in this cave and so they go to and they rally around their son or their brother, and then after that the others begin to collect that eventually became David's band of 400. They were his clerks looks, they became part of his army as generals and so forth. Work trained in that. But you sleep at the point.

This describes these alone is nothing you say why he says this poor man called him Lord heard him and saved him out of all this trouble. He gives us a sequencer that describes what he did and has four parts to a first of all this trouble talks about that all his troubles all his fears. Verse four. Secondly, there was prayer. That's what it's talking about in verse six this poor man called and then there was deliverance or delivered to me, delivered them from the kingdom Gath so he wasn't killed and then he eventually began to deliver him from his troubles at the time of the Lord was active in his life, and then the fourth stage of the sequences is joy or rejoicing is referring to that in verse five where he says those who look to him are radiantly means those who put their hope in the Lord are made radiant and joyful. Their faces are never covered with shame. I pointed out when we came across that word before that it means or never let now never disappointed by God. He only stands by and in the end they find Lord to be faithful.

Now that's a great great sequence say we go through difficult times to when one of our problems is that we just stop with the troubles we stop with the first half of verse six we just say this poor man is in trouble, but we don't call upon the Lord, and David did verse seven is a very interesting one because it makes us think of something that's found in second Kings great story from the life of Elisha and the reason I refer to that is that this deliverance of God gives is not always something that we see in the time David was delivered but he didn't see it at the time it was underway was a period where he was alone there in the cave and often the deliverance, God's bringing in our lives is something we don't see this underway coming we don't see it at the time the story that we have a second Kings is interesting. Elisha, the great prophet had been receiving from God. Revelations about what the king allow King of the Aramaeans was doing and the king of Israel was fighting the king of Maryland. So if God was telling Elisha what the king of Adam was doing. Elisha then was going to the king of Israel and telling him what the king about him was about to do and so the king of Israel avoided any kind of trap that the Aramaean king would set for them. It happened so often that the Aramaean king began to think he had a traitor in the camp. He said look, something's going on here because every time I set a trap, king of Israel knows it's there and avoids it one of you was a traitor. Tell me who it is. I told him the truth is, that's not bad, except prophet in Israel is God tells them what you're going to do it. He tells okay well he said I better get rid of the prophet in that case, where is he and they said well he doesn't. So the king of Aram centers army by night to surround the city of Dothan in the morning there. They were all these great troops of the Aramaean king is an interesting story. I wish we had it on video would be worth watching Elisha's in the city. It is a servant, probably a young man with servant goes out of the city in the morning to draw water for his master early soon as the sun is up, I suppose a sleepy ghost of the well.

He throws the bucket over the edge and then wait sort of philosophy raises his head up slowly and there on the hillside all these troops of Aramaeans.

He rubs his eyes again way where they come from. They were here last night there. They are runs back into the city gets his bucket. He says to Elisha, all my master, whatever shall we do Elisha says don't be afraid, those who are with us more than those who are with them. It's one of the great sentences of the Bible. Those who are with us more than those who are with them and they prays that he prays over the young man's eyes that he may see God open the eyes of the servant text tells us that he saw the hills filled with horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.

You say that's a great illustration of verse seven the angel of the Lord encamps around those who fear him, and he delivers them, who is an angel of the Lord. Well, it's a figure that appears quite a few times in the Old Testament. He appeared to Joshua before the conquest of Palestine as the commander of the Lords host and probably that's in view here. This may be the Lord Jesus Christ in a pre-incarnate form. We don't know that you see he's there to defend his people and that's what David says David didn't see that in the cave. David is there in the mountains in the cave all along he doesn't see that. I suppose this is where he wrote the song were eroded afterwards as we look back on it. David didn't see the angel of the Lord encamps around the bottom so far as I know. And yet the angel of the Lord was there protecting him angel of the Lord is there protecting you as well. You say you say, but nobody knows what I'm going through. Yes, God knows you say nobody's there to help me. Oh yes, God is there to help you. You say was going to protect me, God is there to do it.

God will do it and intervene is doing it already is delivering those who call upon him the third part of this testimony section calls upon us to experience what David experienced and he does it in an interesting way. Taste and see that the Lord is good is what he says. And while our enjoyment of God is certainly more than our enjoyment of food.

It's not less. See, David is calling upon, especially experience God in a tangible way.

You might say well that's kind of indelicate to go out of his food. Maybe it is say the problem is that we talk a lot and we experience little if we would express our problems to to David. David was say to us as God delivered me God delivered me to deliver you to read it this way.

Look at verse four and following.

I sought the Lord and he answered me, delivered me from all my fears was a look to him are radiant.

Their faces are never covered with shame. This poor man called and the Lord heard him he saved him out of all his troubles. Angel of the Lord encamps around those who fear him, and he delivers them taste and see that the Lord is good. Now that operate statements giving a testimony and he's not testifying to something as an experience he said look I have lived through it and indeed you think of the problems you go through.

I would imagine there are not many who are going through problems greater than David experienced in these early days yet.

You see, the Lord delivered them, and blessed of anything look find it out for yourself. Now that's where he comes to verse 11 is given his testimonies appealed DOS to experience it as well. Now he begins to instruct us and he doesn't and the very personal and warm way. These verses are like what you find the beginning of Proverbs.

The first nine chapters of Proverbs, the author of that book takes the same stamps like a father instructing his children and the theme here is the same as the theme of those early chapters of Proverbs. What does that theme in Proverbs it has to do with the fear of the Lord, the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom and the knowledge of the holy one is understanding that's the theme of those early chapters of Proverbs, and that's what they were talking about, children listen to me. I will teach you the fear of the Lord only ask this. I think this is very important when you hear that phrase. The fear of the Lord what you think about studying this kind of thing at all you know that a distinction is usually made. I've heard made by preachers and certainly there in the textbooks between fear and sense of being afraid the way we usually use the word and the actual biblical meaning, which is reference the dictionary will describe it that way.

Fear one of the meetings.

All reverential fear, especially of the supreme being. That's what Webster's new collegiate dictionary says this course is right. Fear is to have reverential awe of God.

But what I noticed as I begin to study.

That is that that is not the way David is talking about here. He says I'll teach you the fear of the Lord and then notice what he goes on to say what he goes on to say of those verses that Peter quotes concerning practical living want to learn about the fear of the Lord. Here it is. Whoever the view loves life and desires to see many good days.

Keep your tongue from speaking evil in your lips from speaking lines turn from evil and do good, seek peace and pursue it. The eyes of the Lord are on the righteous and his ears are attentive to their cry say he's not talking about an attitude or a feeling let's the way we think of the fear of the Lord, but he's referring to actions and the actions had to do with obeying God. You see what he saying stands earlier is that we are to taste and see that the Lord is good were to enjoy God a pathway that is by obedience.

That's what he says the world is always going to say the office of the world is going to say if you want to have a good time to have to do it in the Lord's way above all, don't be restricted by all those moral codes that religious people are always dumping on you.

Well, by the people of black that Liana tried and found that simply not true. It's not the way to happiness and maybe you've tried that you're so baby you know what maybe you're in the midst of that something in your heart that says yes it's not working. On the way was IBM tried hard enough or do something else. Try this and will be on this layer be immoral in that way. That's where you're going to find happiness so they don't use the word moral. You say it's a dead-end street and what David is telling us here is the truth. This is the message of God is what God says. He says if you want enjoyment. If you want to know me the source of all true enjoyment. The way is by obedience and no me to enjoy me is your chief and what is the chief end of man man's chief end to glorify God and enjoy him forever.

You do that, not by running away or disobeying him but by reading what he says, studying and seeking his face obeying him in every way you can I having said that, having given that instruction in the last little bit here. David begins to summarize says what are two ways.

We've seen it before. There is a way of the righteous. That's the way a blessing and then as a way of the ungodly and that is certain to bring misery and judgment in the end the couple things that are worth noticing about it and will close. First of all, something I said earlier, he speaks out here is really a balanced view of the Christian life.

I said that the way to happiness and blessing is through obedience. But that does not mean to be clear about that. That does not mean that the righteous escape troubles entirely for our troubles, Jesus said you to be persecuted for righteousness sake if nothing else, what David says here is a righteous man may indeed have many troubles David and Saul did what he says God delivers them out of the wall.

In the meantime, he has the enjoyment of knowing and obeying God see how it operates is not a maturity that must be true because that's not what you'd be told you'd be told one of the other. I need to be told if you go God's way, you're going to be miserable or you're told it if you go God's way. Many troubles all and I actually that's not true on either end righteous man alive.

Many troubles, but there are blessings that are going to outweigh them all and secondly I want you to notice about this closing or summary that in the very last versus the psalmist.

David seems to look beyond the mere events of this life, which the Psalms tend to focus on any looks to death, and by implication, beyond that life, nobody's talking about in verses 21 and 22 evil will slay the wicked.

That is, that they pursue that alibi for those of the righteous will be condemned and the Lord redeems his servants. No one who takes refuge in him will be condemned.

That condemnation must be the final condemnation, the condemnation of the last judgment. In other words, you see, he's looking forward to an let's deliver in switches where Saul man's I don't know how much David understood of that seed looks to the future, God's revelation is progressive those of the Old Testament understood less than we do now.

I do think they understood a lot more than we give them credit for.

But whether David understood it or not we do. We know that redemption comes from redemption was purchased for us by Jesus Christ. It's because of him that we will not be condemned what it says is you have to take refuge in him. When you do storm of judgment passes by rock of ages, cleft for me, let me hide myself and lick that's what the Psalm says. In closing, a poor man yes this.

In his life rich legacy, one that is left for everyone by the grace of God will believe it and act upon it. As David did.

Let's pray father was a study to our hearts. Practical and yet is the practical things we have the most trouble with, it's easy for us to understand the theory actually down to it and obey you in the nitty-gritty of life that is where our difficulty lies so bless us as we try to do that lead us in that way and so elitists increasingly under the joy of fellowship with you but our testimony might be that of David and we can say to others.

Taste and see that the Lord is good. I have done it and he really is Christ our Savior.

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