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September 27, 2021 8:00 am
Today on the Bible study our will take a closer look at Psalm 16 where David doesn't just trust God to provide for his daily needs or to protect him from his enemies. He's counting on God for future restoration. What do you suppose that picture of restoration looks like for David and what does it mean for us and welcome to the Bible study our radio and Internet broadcast with Dr. James Boyce preparing you to think and act biblically. David acknowledges in Psalm 16 that apart from God. He has nothing. He knows that God is his provider protector and sustainer. In addition to bad he goes on to tell God that he knows God will bring him restoration. Let's listen together to find out exactly what David was talking about. You have your Bible turn to Psalm 16 were studying the 16th Psalm together, particularly for the prophecy. It contains of the resurrection, but I think it would be appropriate to begin not with Psalm 16, but with Luke 24 and it's the story of the Emmaus disciples sometime in the late morning of that first Easter day. These 2 Disciples Were Making Their Way to their hometown of Emmaus from Jerusalem where they had been over the weekend. One of them was called Cleo Moser's name appears in the story. The other is on name but in the 19th chapter of John. There is reference to a man named" it's a very similar name and Batman's wife's name is given there are name is Mary. I've always thought it highly unlikely that there would be to disciples of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem at that time, with names similar but different, especially when it such an unusual name and if that's not the case and rather the two are the same person in this Cleo person who was making his way home to Emmaus on Easter Sunday was the same clear purpose of John 19 and the other person was undoubtedly his wife. It was a couple Cleo person Mary going home.
I had been there for the Passover. It was a very important Passover because it's one in which Jesus of Nazareth had, marching in the city and what they hope was to be a great victory celebration of my and hope he was going to take the throne of David, but he hadn't instead of that he had been arrested and tried and killed and buried. They were there on Easter Sunday morning when the women went to the tomb. This Mary might've been one of them because there were a number of women are not all named, and if so, she heard the words of the angels. The angel said he is not here he is risen as he said go quickly and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead, but I didn't carry any weight with them.
I didn't know about Angels. I guess there are important fairytales.
But you know when they're telling you to somebody who was dead as a live well. Nobody in their right mind would believe them. At any rate, Cleo person, Mary didn't they plan to go home. They were people who have an agenda and stick to it. And so even though they had heard the rumors, and even though it was obviously true that the tomb was empty well-adjusted make any difference to them was all over, and they wanted to go back home while they were on the way, Jesus appeared to them he asked them what was wrong. They began to explain and then we are told how he responded to them. He said all foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe wasn't necessary that Christ suffered all these things and then enter into his glory.
And then there's that great text it says beginning with Moses and the prophets, he expounded under them in all the Scriptures the things that pertain to himself.
Now that was a great sermon.
I appreciate great sermons are too many of them.
I wish I had been there to hear that one, don't you. Here is the Lord himself preaching an Easter sermon expounding out of the Old Testament all the text that had to do with what happened there in Jerusalem that week. We had to come into the city be rejected, crucified, dad Barry and then risen yes and I'm sure even coming again because it was beginning to teach them about that but you wonder what text to use some time ago I did a sermon in which I speculated on that I think it's not entirely impossible to track down what text he might've used because the early Christian preaching reflects it.
When Peter stood up on Pentecost and began to preach out of the Old Testament. I'm sure that wasn't just sudden inspiration on Peter's part. Jesus had been expounding the Old Testament, even teaching the text of them.
So when Peter now who had been listening from the resurrected Lord stood up to preach, you naturally turn to the text of Jesus and taught him. So go to those texts in the sermons of Paula Maxson begin to get an idea of the text. Jesus might've chosen. Psalm 110 verse one was one of them Lord set in the my Lord, sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool that is the Old Testament verse most quoted in the New Testament is quoted literally scores of times obviously because Jesus taught them the meaning of the text are many other text like that you read the book of Hebrews. I believe in the first chapter alone there. Seven Old Testament texts that bar interpreted in terms of the ministry of Jesus Christ in the next chapter. Therefore, more and so on. Throughout the book. I don't know what all those texts that Jesus expounded on that first Easter Sunday may have been, but I am sure that one of them was from Psalm 16 verse 10.
The reason I'm sure of that is that it Pentecost.
This was one of the Old Testament text, Peter quoted and in the first real sermon of the apostle Paul recorded in acts in acts 13 a sermon that he preached in the synagogue of Antioch. The apostle Paul quoted the text as well. This was part of the arsenal the Old Testament arsenal of the early Christian it's a text that said, you will not abandon me to the grave nor will you let your holy one see decay.
Why is it such a clear prophecy of the resurrection of Jesus Christ and why did Jesus use it in that way as we assume he did and why did the early preachers preach upon.
It is a prophecy of Jesus resurrection because of the second part of the verse first part is in significant prophecy, but it's not all that unusual. You see, when David said he is the writer of the Psalm, you will not abandon me to the grave. Well, that this statement of faith of a rather high order, but it's not unparalleled in the Old Testament.
Job, for example, in that great book had a similar testimony. He said that at the latter day he was going to stand upon the earth that he was going to see his Redeemer with his own eyes. My own mind, she said, and not another Larry had a great faith in resurrection if it were only for the first half of this verse we would say of David. Well yes, he certainly had a faith in his own resurrection. That was comparable to that of the great patriarch Joe, but that would be all it would necessarily point to Jesus Christ. The first half of the verse that this is so significant.
As for what is said in part two, second part says nor will you let your holy one see decay. That means the body would not decompose. You see, our bodies do decompose when we die. Even if you're waiting for the resurrection and David died in his body decay. But what he says in this text is you are not going to let your holy one see decay. Who was the holy want not David. Certainly because he did decay and it's an inappropriate term for him anyway. Holy one to say this is an anticipation of the coming of Jesus Christ is for this reason the text is picked up and used so effectively in the New Testament Peter as I said used it and he made quite clear what he meant brothers.
He said I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried in his tomb is here to this day. He was a prophet, and he knew the God and promised them on oath that he would place one of his descendents on his throne. Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay and then apostle Paul in acts 13 and that sermon I mentioned a moment ago it was even clearer.
He said for when David had served God's purpose in his own generation, he fell asleep and was buried with his fathers and his body decay of the one God raised from the dead did not decay, and so Paul takes it that way as well on the Psalm is nevertheless a Psalm of David. And it should really be understood in that sense at least there's a great deal in it for us as a Psalm of David. Even apart. This prophecy of the resurrection. One of the great commentators on the Psalms. HC Newbold calls this Psalm in which the psalmist declares that God is his portion in life and his deliverer in death is exactly what the Psalm is about the prophecy of the resurrection comes in the latter part of that preceding it is all of this great testimony of David concerning his faith in God upon which his faith in the resurrection is founded so we need to look at it that way. I suggested therefore parts and if you outline it you may want to make some marking in your Bible. The first two verses are part one.
They portray the psalmist's relationship to God. Verses three and four are second part. They describe the results of that first relationship has to do with Solomon's relationship to other people because he has a certain relationship to God's effect on those other people with whom he has contact the third part of the Psalm. Verses five through eight, and it describes psalmist present blessings and then at the very end verses nine through 11.
We have the psalmist future hope knowledge is look at each of those and see what they have to say for us. First of all, the Psalm's relationship to God. It's described very vividly by the words that he uses for God, keep me safe.
Oh God, that's the first word. It's the word L in Hebrew. It's the most common name for God, even the pagans could use that word to describe their gods and what it really refers to the unique quality of the word is that it refers to God and his power is might it really means. The stronger God or the mighty God very significant in that context. That having said keep me safe. Nobody says you. I take refuge, received in the strong will on the David takes refuge. Verse two introduces another word I said to the Lord's or Jehovah you can generally tell that in Bibles because they use large and small capitals instead of large and small letters. And that's the word Jehovah. That's the covenant name for God is the name that God revealed to Moses and the burning bush recall God was sending Moses back into Egypt to say to Pharaoh, let my people go. He said yes but if I go and say that if I say the God of your fathers has sent me to you and they say to me what is his name what I going to tell them. And God gave in that great revelation.
He says I am this is what you're to say to them.
I am have sent me to you. That is the eternal existing self-sufficient God. God, who now was entering into a special relationship with his people coveting to bring them out of Egypt into their own land. That's the word that's used here the second time that word Lord occurs in that verse. You are my Lord, it's not Jehovah.
That's the first, but it's rather a more common word I deny means Lord of the same sense you could use Lord in referring to a human being a master somebody who's over you. King would be your Lord somebody who has authority over you in another sense would be your Lord. I notice how that works.
You see, David is saying. I said to Jehovah you are my little heart. I said to Jehovah, the great God of Israel, the personal name of the water was covenant with Israel to be their Savior. You are my added eye or master that's unfamiliar.
It's virtually the same thing we say when we confess that Jesus Christ is Lord and Savior or Savior refers to the Jehovah aspect. It is as Jehovah God is the Savior. That's what Jonah said in the second chapter of that book when he was in the belly of the whale. He said salvation is of the Lord's Jehovah knows the Savior so when we call Jesus Savior is in that respect that we refer to him and Emily calling Lord. That's the word I deny he is not only our saving God.
He is our master as well and the two always go together.
God is your Savior. He is your Lord, you can have one without the other. And if you're not following them is Lord you don't know in the Savior. This is here at the beginning and it is this God says David, in whom I going to take refuge is the consequence of what he says.
Apart from you. I have no good thing. In other words, he knew God was the source of all good and why was that just because he knew God. People don't know God don't know that they say God. Well, he's the one that wants to keep you from having fun these up there in heaven looking down to see if you enjoy yourself and the memory does catch you enjoying yourself he says are you cut that out.
That's the way people don't know God think of God, but people who know God who found God to be what these words convey say God is the source of all good apart from him. I have no good at all. James says in the New Testament uses other words but it's exactly the same theology. He says every good gift and every perfect gift comes down from heaven, from the father of lights in whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. God gives than he is not reluctant. It is giving and he doesn't change his mind.
He is an eternal source of eternal good knowingness to know that also to be satisfied with that.
Were going to see in a moment. The second part of this has to do with the relationships David has with other people and it follows up on his relationships with God is that I know God is the way I just described them well. It's when you affect the way I relate to the wicked. On the one hand, and to those who know God and the other was Nagata called the saints he said they have the glorious ones in whom is all my delight. I'm glad to be with them and he says there are the wicked, those who run after other gods. She said I want to have anything to do with them.
I want to keep away from their company is an interesting test. You know whether really close to God or not. Very simple test doesn't require heavy theological language to understand it. It's a simple as this delight God's people enjoy being with them be like coming to church Arguello fine Christian people difficult to beware of the essay. I can't stand those hypocrites.
Why what I want to be is out having fun on a Sunday night and I want to be in one of the bars. One of the clubs or something like that. Is that where your heart is. I don't mean to say that a Christian can never be an iconic company. I certainly don't mean to say the Christian shouldn't be in the world. We are to be in the world but not of it. We have to be there for going to witness to those in the deer. The gospel is one thing you see to be there for that purpose. And another thing to be hankering after it. That's what David says here he says I don't want to get cozy with the wicked. What I really want to be as with the saints because it's in them. I take my delight.
They love the Lord. I love the Lord and avail of the Lord. I love the Lord would love the same thing were getting along very well together when I'm with people don't love the Lord who hate Lord of blasting the name of the Lord, then I'm uncomfortable. I don't want to be there, and the question is are you uncomfortable in that kind of company is one way to test where you are, you find yourself able easily to stand with Christ enemies and warm your hands that there fire the way Peter did in the courtyard of the high priestess because you're not very close to Jesus.
And you better be careful because it won't be long before you deny that's what the text says part of it has to do with David's present blessings. There are many I suppose. If the writing a longer Psalm one with more versus he would've gone on a greater length, but many of them are here at the morgue.
You have assigned me my portion of my comp now that word portion could mean a number of things that can had to do with his inheritance in the land portion of the land given to him Arctic and had to do with that provisions. What we would call a daily ration since it's linked with the work comp and the person since the matter of inheritance comes in in the next verse is probably right to take it in that second sense what he's talking about here is God's provision of his needs. Daily ration of food is what we pray for mentioned in the Lord's prayer when we say. Give us this day our daily bread. That's exactly the same thing. And here's David testifying to the fact that God is done that for me is always provided for in day by day and every aspect of life in every period of life and all kinds of circumstances. God is provided for and what he really needed the apostle Paul says that as well. He's learned whatever steady is to be content because he knows that God supplies his needs and he says I'm confident that God will supply your needs as well. Thickening mentions as being secure. You made my lot secure again. That word lot can be used in several ways. It really means as the lot is cast.
That's the way the land was distributed so it could refer to the inheritance comes later.
But since it's in a separate person, since inheritances mentioned later. You probably should take it in another way, just as you do the first part of what he probably means is my circumstances in life.
That is what you measured out for me where I am a YM kind of job. I have where I live. All of the little details ago in the making up our lives. He says you made my lot secure and I'm content where you put me makes it even more explicit in verse six, the boundary lines have fallen for me in pleasant places and I have a delightful inheritance. What impresses me most. There is how contented he is with what God's given you might say all young, but I was David he was the king had a lot all this and if you think that way you don't understand the heart of men and women.
It's not how much you have that makes your content to your content that enables you to use properly what you have. I find generally that the more people have the less content they are and we live in a generation that is characterized by a lack of contentment.
Some time ago somebody gave me books I really should read it by a man named Mike Belli is a pastor in Texas and it's about baby boom believers ever heard a baby boom believers the baby boomers or yuppies were also Christians as little subtitle subtitle is why we think we need it all and how to survive when we don't get it.
You're laughing you to read it. He talks about our lack of contentment in our time thing a mark, especially of what he calls the baby boomer generation of the upper generation, and he says this baby boomers are not very content because her expectations are so much higher than the reality we tend to be discontent, restless and bored nodding.
That's exactly what it's like we know people about us all the time that are like that and often were like that ourselves discontent, restless and bored with the QR prolapse.
More things. All people are trying that we are more things in our generation than any other time the juror for restlessness and discontentment is not more things, but God. You know what Augustine said made us for yourself, and our hearts are restless until they find their rest in the somebody else's said goddess putting God sized vacuum in our soul and nothing but God can fill it. You can pour things and let God sized vacuum throughout entire life of acquisition than when you're done you're still going to be restless and unhappy because what you need is God.
David found God. He started that way. Oh God, I take refuge in you, I say to the Lord, you are my Lord.
Apart from you. I have no good thing, and since he had gone he and all good things when he comes to the end. All I can say is, how happy is how God is good to him and how contented he is a God's goodness, we need to learn that in our time. Christians would be far more effective in their witness if they were really happy in their faith really content in God. You and I need to get to know him better so we can do that but we come to the fourth part and here's the part that deals with the resurrection. David is looking ahead now to the future. Getting to reflect on his past experience and what it has to say for death and what lies beyond death that he says you will not abandon me to the grave. You will not let your holy one see decay worthwhile question I suppose is whether in a Psalm in which he is writing out of his own experience and, presumably, is writing about himself and his own expectations. Whether a song like that David could really actually be looking ahead to the Messiah does seem to say that you won't let your holy one see decay.
But after all that is a little thing stuck in there in the middle of a Psalm and seemed to do primarily with him.
I suppose if I had the boat I would say yes he was thinking of the Messiah. That's why he uses the term, but it doesn't necessarily have to be that way.
It's true that Peter and his sermon at Pentecost called David a prophet but in his first letter later in his life. He said you know the Old Testament prophets didn't understand all the things that they wrote but rather they ask the Holy Spirit to help them search it out without actually led them to write things I didn't understand and then having written it down, they did the same thing we do when we come to the Bible. He prayed and said, Holy Spirit, help me understand what I've written is what Peter says so doesn't necessarily follow that although David wrote this, and it was about Jesus, he necessarily understood it at the time. I think he did let me say this, even if he didn't is even more remarkable. I said early on is remarkable that he could give this kind of a prophecy. Going beyond anything the job or any of the other Old Testament things ever said but you see, even if he wasn't thinking of Jesus is more remarkable of because here's a man. His experience did not include the experience of the resurrection for us to say that look back to the resurrection of Jesus Christ and say well because he rose we will rise as well kind of faith is not that simply observing the evidence of making a conclusion from it. But here is David writing before the resurrection and he says you're not going to leave me in the grave, you're not going to allow my body ultimately is not thinking of Jesus.
See decay. One of the commentators writes about that very well. He says the boldness of it all on most leaves the reader breathless. How can a man see all men dieting and note that all the children of men before his time of died without exception and still say God cannot let that happen to me. It appears like being carried away with the Rhapsody a bold assertion and yet still in the last analysis must not faith draw the conclusion that if you hold to God.
God will take care of you perfectly.
Where did David get that kind of faith. It was the logic of faith. That's how we came to that conclusion is that he began with his knowledge of God who God is what he is like the attitude that his experience of God. Got it taken care of in this life and that he concluded. Obviously, rationally, if that's the kind of God. God is and if you show that kind of favor on me here.
Obviously he's going to take care of me beyond the grave. It's not going to change his mind. God didn't send Jesus Christ to die for you in order that someday in the last time you're going to fall away and be lost. God is faithful in his promises. So David even though he didn't have our knowledge and had no experience of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, which is yet to come. Said God if he's going to be faithful to me and consistent with what is done in my life is going to have to raise me from the dead, great faith you say. Let me say in closing, that greatest of faith may be it's not the faith that saved a mermaid, a true and only value of faith was that it was fixed upon the one who actually did rise from the dead, and in whose power. You and I are going to rise as well. That means you say that you can have weak faith or strong faith and in some sense, it doesn't really matter as long as it's fixed on Jesus because whether your faith is weak or strong. He is the strong one is the God in whom you can take refuge.
He is the Redeemer who has died to save you, he is your master Lord and is going to lead you through this life and bring you to glory whether your faith is strong or not. Actually, if the knowledge of that is intended to make your faith strong Harry Ironside has a wonderful illustration one. Place in his writing, where he described the thing was a true story for mountain climbers were going up the face of the Matterhorn in Switzerland up above Zermatt were four of them all up together as a guide first. Then there were two tourists in the middle. And finally there was a second guide you brought up the rear. As they were going over a particularly difficult place the guy that was coming last slipped and fell and went over the edge of the sudden pull on the rope jerked the other tourists second doors. Often he went over and then the first slick firsters when as well. Three men now are hanging over the edge of the cliff, but the first died when he felt the first ball and the rope dug his ax in the ice and hung on fast to stop the fallen, and the first tourists carefully was able to regain his footing, and then the second doors was able to regain his and finally the last guide regain his party went on up and safety.
Ironside said as he applied it. The human race was carried away. First of all by the sin of Adam and fell over the abyss and that man, Adam pulled all other men and women have ever been born with them so was a sense in which the entire human race was in deadly peril of the Lord Jesus Christ came in. He held fast to him all who now are joined to him by saving faith or secure as well go on, climb, and eventually attain the victory that is true, true, not because of the strength of our faith. As I said, but because of the strength of character of the one about whom. Ultimately, the Psalm speaks of his prior father was the Psalm to our hearts so much about you that we don't understand we certainly understand enough to know that your faithful and you love us, you sense for Jesus Christ to die for us and you demonstrated your power when you raised him from the dead were joined to him. Our father help us to live like that go on in that kind of confidence living as men and women who are joined to him grant what we do what you do in us. He might have the glory, now and ever more. Thank you for listening to this message from the Bible study our listener supported ministry of the alliance of confessing Evangelicals. The alliance is a coalition of pastors, scholars and churchmen who hold to the historic creeds and confessions of the reformed faith and who proclaimed biblical doctrine in order to foster a reformed awakening in today's church. To learn more about the alliance visit alliance net.org and while you're there, visit our online store reformed resources.
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