This broadcaster has 366 podcast archives available on-demand.
Keep up-to-date with this broadcaster on social media and their website.
April 24, 2022 7:00 pm
What were you returning to our study for the book of Philippians.
Having taken a break last Sunday for Easter Sunday. We are now back into this epistle of Paul to the Philippian church. The first one that he established in the continent of Europe and to the section that describes the incarnation of Jesus Christ in such clarity and power and in convicting truth that we are amazed, especially when we realize that that was not Paul's primary purpose. That is, he was not pending these words in order to teach us about the incarnation so much as to tell us to follow the example of Christ in his self-sacrifice and humility. Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus.
But in giving us that exhortation that we need to have the mind of Christ that will bring the unity that will bring the love that will bring the brotherly fellowship.
The brotherly love that we ought to have one for another, but to do that we need to ask God to give us the mind of Christ and for us to understand the mind of Christ.
We need to understand what he did and so that's why we have these words these wonderful word's he who was in the form of God did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made himself of no reputation took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Therefore, this brings us to our text for today. Therefore God also hath highly exalted him and given him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the father. The first part of this passage versus five through 11 describes Christ condescension. This describes what he did. He emptied himself, he took upon him the form of a servant. He was made in the likeness of man, he humbled himself to the point of death, and then in verses nine through 11 that were looking at this morning we find out what God the father did. Therefore, God hath highly exalted him, God has given him the name which is above every name, so he emptied himself that his he laid aside his glory by becoming a man. He did not divest himself of deity for that was impossible, but he relinquished the exercise, the prerogative, the manifestations of his deity for the work of redemption, he humbled himself to the very lowest degree all the way to the point of death yes to the most painful and ignominious death known to mankind in that day even the death of the cross. That's why God exalted him in examining verses nine through 11 were going to ask some of the investigative reporter questions the detective question who apply what and how beginning with who who exalted who, in fact, in the first question there are two foods that we need to examine who exalted who the Bible tells us. Therefore God also has highly exalted him, the language is clear enough on the surface, but a more careful examination will be helpful to understand fully what God cares for us here who exalted who the first two.
Therefore, God is also highly exalted him, that answers the question of the first two who exalted him, the answer is God, but that may raise in our minds a very logical question isn't Jesus Christ.
God and are we saying therefore that Jesus exalted himself.
When we say God highly exalted him, the answer to that question is no key was exalted.
He did not exalt himself.
He was exalted by God the father.
The father exalted him, and that's the clear meaning of the word God. In verse nine, because that is referred to again in verse 11. With that fuller expression that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the father so that we know that Paul, the author of this portion of Scripture, has God the father, primarily in mind when he writes, God has also highly exalted him. That of course takes us into the mystery of the Trinity that we always revel in because of its truth but stumble in because of its complexity, but here we have the one God in three persons, and we find different persons in the Trinity that are act being in a particular way.
Upon other members of the Trinity and it's God the father, who highly exalted him.
That's the first food but there's a second who who did the father exalt when it says God as it has also highly exalted him who exactly is interviewing again on the surface that's not a difficult question but the most logical way of answering that would probably be God the father exalted his son if we come to understand that the word God here refers to the father the most common answer. The most logical answer to the second question would be the sun because when we think about the father we think about the sun that's the relationship father son and Holy Spirit.that's true.
We were not saying that God the father did not exalt his son. That's not the emphasis of this text and that's not what Paul wants us to think about what he wants us to think about is the name of Jesus. And this is what's important.
The pre-incarnate son was already exalted. The sun has existed eternally, the sun has been the sun as long as the father has been the father son did not become the sun at the time of the conception of Jesus in the womb of Mary, there has always been father son and Holy Spirit in eternity. The Godhead has always been the triune God. And so the pre-incarnate son has always shared the father's glory. But what is different.
What are we talking about here were talking about the incarnation were talking about the man Jesus, who was the one who envelope the eternal son in human flesh. It is Jesus who was conceived in the womb of the Virgin Mary. It is Jesus who lived a perfect and sinless life upon the earth. It is Jesus who died upon the cross and rose again from the dead and off course. Because Jesus is God.
Jesus is the son of God. Nevertheless, when we focus upon Jesus. We are thinking about, not the pre-incarnate son, but the incarnate son were talking about the sun in his humanity.
This mysterious combination of deity and humanity in the eternal God did not divest himself of deity, but added to himself, humanity, and there after forever was 100% God and 100% man and it's that 100% man parked. Paul is talking about here. The father has highly exalted Jesus.
That's the emphasis and why that brings us to the second question why the word therefore points is backwards. This is the why, why, and in summary we can say the father exalted the sun because of his selfless abasement. The things that are described in verses five and six and seven and eight. Let's summarize at least some of the things that are said here to remind ourselves as to why the father exalted Jesus in this way, why number one because he put others in a negative himself.
Verse six who, being in the form of God being eternal God, having all of the attributes and characteristics of God because he was God being in the form of God did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, we covered that passage a couple of weeks ago he did not consider the manifestation of the honor of the glory, the exaltation of his innate deity to be a prize to be grasp and held onto it all cost is not to be relinquished, but rather he emptied himself my translation says he made himself of no reputation, but the Greek word can gnosis their means he emptied himself, and he emptied himself of this exercise of his deity. He couldn't. He couldn't get rid of it at that would be impossible.
God can never stop being God, but he could he could Valent he could surround himself with humanity, to such an extent that his deity was not clear was not manifest was not seen. Obviously, two other income commentator. I think very aptly said God became incognito.
In Jesus we know what that word is note we went up famous movie star doesn't want to go out the the bothered by people asking for autographs and recognizing who he is, so he puts himself in disguise and goes as out into the into the regular world, hoping that nobody will recognize who he is. Incognito letter.
Jesus did he wrote himself in human flesh.
He became God incognito. He was still God, but he was not easily recognized as God.
No obvious glory. No obvious exercise of his power, even when he performed his miracles. Evidently he called upon God the father to perform those miracles he had divested himself of his exercise of that power. But it was always available to him from his heavenly father, but he didn't have the exercise of that voluntarily wasn't he wasn't taken from him. It wasn't. It wasn't that kept from him.
It was locked away where he couldn't get a hold of it, but he emptied himself, and why did he do that because that was necessary for redemption of what's what is he doing is putting others ahead of himself. He did not value his own glory above the needs of other. Therefore, because of that the father has also highly exalted him. What else well in verse seven we learned that he made himself a humble servant, he made himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. Who is God Almighty. He who was supreme ruler is supreme ruler of the universe. He who made all things he who rules all things he to whom all creation ought to bow and will bow and will acknowledge who he is, nevertheless, he made himself of no reputation so that people did not see him as the supreme Almighty God of the universe.
He made himself a humble servant instead of being the one that everybody by right ought to serve. He became the one who served others demonstrating that by girding the towel around himself in the upper room in John chapter 13 and going around and taking the servants placed the slaves place and washing the disciples feet. And that's what he did. He became a servant. He who was supreme ruler and therefore God has also highly exalted him, what else he submitted himself to the father. You remember verse eight and being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient.
He submitted himself to the father's authority to father's will. He who was eating with the father in every respect, equal with the father and glory and power became obedient to the father for the work of redemption and said I came not to do my own to my father's will, nevertheless, not my will, but thine be done. He became obedient.
Number four he gave his life as a sacrifice for sin, he became obedient even to the point of death. Yes, even the death of the cross. He who could not die as God, in whom death could not touch because he is the very source of life, nevertheless, took upon him humanity so that he could die so that he could lay down his life in the work of redemption. He gave his life a sacrifice for sin. Therefore God has also highly exalted him. That's why question number three what. By this I mean what exactly constitutes this exaltation, God highly exalted him, what does that mean there are couple of things that are not stated in this passage, but I think need to be mentioned and then there are four things that are stated in this passage as the elements of his exaltation of what is unstated, what is unstated is his resurrection and ascension, but that's where the exaltation began. God raised him from the dead. That's where his condescension ended in his exaltation began his condescension, humility his weakness is his servant hood. His being ridiculed and reviled indicated and put to death in his doing nothing about it. Not speaking out against it, not exercising his power to stop but not calling upon a legion of angels, whom he commanded in order to rescue him and set him free but he gave himself completely and obediently to all of these things in all of this was part of his humility, which began actually when he was conceived in the womb of the of the Virgin Mary. Can you imagine the God of the universe becoming a little a little sale beginning life in the womb of a young maiden girl and seeing that life develop. Like all human beings develop and then being born like all human beings are born and living in this world and living in humility living in poverty may be too strong a word. Though there are elements of poverty and his life is certainly living a very simple life living among the lower classes, not elevating himself even in the estimation of society, keeping in mind that the most revered human being in society on the face of the earth, whoever that may be, is nothing but a little worm compared to the glory of God Almighty. But he didn't even exalt himself in the realm of society but made himself of no reputation took upon in the form of a servant. That's the way he lived and his humiliation just continued on down down down down down until he suffered the ultimate human affiliation of death, and they took his lifeless body off the cross and they buried it in that too.
But even there, even in the burial. There's a glimpse there's a glimpse he's buried in a rich man's tomb a special two sepulcher that only the wealthy or could afford. And that's not the way he lived, but there is the first glimpse of something happening here and then on the third day he arose victorious and Gloria said.
And with that resurrection, eternal body and the grave was FT and his power and glory are now manifested and so the resurrection and later in the ascension as he goes back into heaven to place of glory is exaltation has begun. But there are four things stated in our text to constitute his exaltation. What are the number one. He is exalted to the supreme position that is to enthronement with the father. Therefore God also has highly exalted him highly exalted him that terminology means exalted to the highest position possible and what is the highest position in this universe. It is the throne of God in heaven.
You can't give me higher than that in this says he's exalted to the highest position possible coregent with the father, he humbled himself God exalted him, not just a little bit not even a lot, but to the highest degree possible. He not only ascended back to heaven, but he didn't ascend back to heaven to be with the Angels and even the archangels and and to serve with them but he ascended back to heaven and the father said sit down here upon my throne, or sit down here upon your throne which is next to my throne, as we rule the universe together and God the father exalted him to the highest position possible.
The supreme position.
What else number two, the supreme title God, the father gave him the name which is above every name, that some have looked at that and look to the passage and said well what name is Paul referring to here is he talking about the name of Jesus or is he talking about the name Lord, which sounds, at first it was more like a title than a name will see in a moment that in fact it is a name and if you had only the text to look at. You might have trouble answering that question until you realize that Paul is quoting an Old Testament text from the book of Isaiah chapter 45 in all regions to verses out of that passage one verse to set it in context so that you know this passage is about Jehovah God truly verse 15 says you are God who hide yourself. Oh God of Israel, that you were talking about that you spoken of in Isaiah 45. Now look at verse 23 I have sworn by myself. Now the God of Israel is talking.
I have sworn my by myself, the word has gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return that to me to to the God of Israel, the Lord God of Israel, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, who we generally refer to as Yahweh or Jehovah, but to me, every knee shall bow and every tongue shall take an oath and Paul quotes that really word for word out of Septuagint translation when he says God has given to him the name which is above every name, that the name of Jesus every knee shall bow and every tongue confess. So the name that is referred to here is not the name of Jesus, although that's important closely connected but it's a name Lord, which is actually Jehovah. Paul, of course, like most of the Christians, Jews and Christians in his day studied their Old Testament Scriptures out of the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament and in the Septuagint, the word curiosity very word that is used here is used 6000 times to refer to Jehovah Jews in Paul's day, when they thought of God when they thought of the God of Israel and thought of Jehovah because they were reading out of the Septuagint they thought of Korea's Lord that's what came to their mind. That's the name of the Jews used for Jehovah in that day, but now the text tells us that God and highly exalting him and giving him the name which is above every name has said that at the name of Jesus every knee shall bow taking that quotation right out of Isaiah 45 where God Almighty, Jehovah says to me, shall every knee bath just to make sure every tongue confess.
Paul says God has assigned honor to Jesus, and you can go right back to Isaiah 45 and just substitute the word Jesus in the place of to me. You can come back to verse 23, where God says, I have sworn by myself, the word has gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return that to Jesus every knee shall bow and every tongue shall take an oath every tongue shall confess that the name of Jesus by doing that, Paul by the Holy Spirit of God is transferring universal homage to Jehovah Jesus, we should be surprised. Jesus himself is been preparing us for this all along we been paying attention to what he said. There are many references in the Gospels to other Old Testament texts that in the Old Testament refer to Jehovah, but in the New Testament are applied to Jesus Christ. Just one. Remember when Jesus was talking to the Pharisees and they were bickering and arguing with him about his claims of deity and he said this in verse 24 John chapter 8. Unless you believe that I am, you will die in your sins. Your Bible says I am he. But he's in italics that's not there. Unless you believe that I am unless you believe in the Greek go with me unless you believe that I am a what is that will did God Jehovah revealed himself to be to Moses in the wilderness at the burning bush when Moses said who shall I tell Pharaoh sent me. God said what I am that I am you tell him that I am has sent you on to him. And Jesus said unless you believe that I a.m. you will die in your sins. Do you hear me that's what Jesus said those of you who may have questions about the deity of Christ. Those of you who may have difficulty accepting the Jesus is in fact Jehovah. This is what Jesus said, except you believe that I am, we could say except you believe that I am Jehovah you shall die in your sins. So are we surprised that when God has highly exalted him and given him the name which is above every name, the name that he gives him his Jehovah to Jehovah, shall every knee bow and every tongue confess.
But Jehovah is Jesus. So to Jesus every knee shall bow and every tongue confess Jesus indeed takes the highest station not only a high station, but the highest station. That's why the songwriter said. Hark, those bursts of acclamation. Hark, those loud triumphant cords. Jesus takes the highest station over what joy the site affords crown him, crown him king of kings and Lord of lords. The incognito Jesus is gone forever.
He's been exalted to the throne of God and to him is given the name Jehovah the son pre-incarnate son already had that, but the incarnate son. Jesus didn't have that, at least not officially. Now the father says this name belongs to the man Christ Jesus. He is Jehovah he is God he is Lord and so were talking about what constitutes his exaltation number one the supreme position number two, the supreme title number three supreme worship that at the name of Jesus.
Jesus the man Jesus the humanity that roamed the deity Jesus every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the father, every knee shall bow universal worship shall bow bow was a sign of recognized authority.
Bowing is is is acknowledging that I I own. I accept this authority, for whom I am bowing every knee shall bow, and in case you aren't sure what that means is spelled out. Of those in heaven and those in earth and on earth and those under the earth, every knee shall bow those in heaven who is that all the holy angels, and all the redeemed Saints of God who are already in heaven you have any trouble getting them to bow their already doing that.
There glad to do that they're eager to do that.
Their longing to do that are just waiting for the word that Jesus is the name that they bow to those in heaven, and of those on earth, every living person saved or lost, who is still upon the earth at the appointed time is going to acknowledge the supreme authority of Jesus and those under the earth, that would be the fallen angels, and that would be condemned. Sinners who've already died. Is there anyone left out of this every knee shall bow those in heaven. Those on earth, those under the every tongue shall confess the tongue shall declare shall speak what the bowing of the knee symbolizes shall confess that means to declare openly the tongue players why the knee vows the knee bounds, a symbol of submission to the highest authority in the tongue declare us why the knee is bowing Jesus Christ is Lord supreme worship.
The fourth element of his exaltation as supreme certification. All of this, we are told is to the glory of God the father. All of this as the father's affirmation. This hulk exaltation pleases the father visit exaltation delights the father because he delights to exalt his son, Jesus, and he particularly delights to honor him because of his willingness to do this work necessary to redeem fallen sinners because this ratifies the father's will.
This glory of God the father.
At this point is saying this is the father's yes to the claim that Jesus is Jehovah. Yes, I affirm that fully and completely. That brings me honor and glory and delight supreme certification which brings me now to my fourth question how how does this apply to us three things that I think are in the passage that this ought to apply. We ought to apply to our lives.
Number one of the forms our understanding of Jesus tells us who Jesus is, if we have any doubts, any questions about it. This tells is most clearly the Jesus is more than a supreme teacher, though he was that he certainly more than a noble martyr he really wasn't a martyr at all. He voluntarily gave his life a ransom is more than the lonely Jesus, though he was for a while. That's what's being honored here, but he's got incarnate he is the supreme ruler of the universe.
It shows us that Jesus Christ is Lord he is God he is Lord of the sense that he is Jehovah.
Therefore, it surely underscores our need of salvation. This one died on the cross that sinners might be cleansed from their sins might be born into the family of God might have eternal life. He did that he did all of this in order to accomplish that and therefore every knee should bow every every knee needs to bow and every tongue needs to confess now that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the salvation of your soul, you're going to do it eventually anyway, why be stubborn until the day comes when you can't stop doing it. Can't stop from doing it informs our understanding of Jesus number two a shows us how we ought to live.
That's the whole purpose of the passage. Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who informed of God, not robbery to be equal with God, etc. etc. etc. this passage shows us how we ought to live. Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus.
Let this attitude be in you which was in Christ Jesus. Let these examples of selfless living be in you which are shown to us by the life of Jesus which shows us true humility.
If we have any question about what that looks like which shows us full obedience. If we have any question about what that looks like which shows us the meaning of self-sacrifice. If we don't fully understand what that is, teachers, Lord, full obedience, holy reverence, true humility, test our thoughts and our attitude in the radiance of your purity because our faith to rise because our eyes to see your majestic love and majesty words of power. The can never fail, let their truth prevail over unbelief shows us how we ought to live and finally it encourages us to look for future rewards. That's not really unspiritual. There are rewards for those who believe God. There are rewards for those who obey God.
There are rewards for those who humble themselves before God, he will lift them up.
Jesus was rewarded for his selfless service to others, and we will be rewarded for our selfless service to others. That's what he calls upon us to do. That's the mind. That's the attitude that ought to be in us.
What do you have in mind when you think about serving Jesus over a lot of tasks to do, but they must all be done with this mind of humility and selflessness and self-sacrifice, and servant hood if they are going to be fully pleasing to God.
I think it was William Hendrickson that said let his followers tread the same path to honor and reward that he did which leads me to ask this question. In closing, what if our rewards in heaven are in proportion to our imitation of the mind of Christ, how many will we have all but I did this I did that I burn myself doing out doing this. I did this task. I did that task. I did this important important thing I did that important. Think yes but was it with the mind of Christ wasn't with the attitude of humility wasn't with selflessness was.
It was self-sacrificing spirit was it without any thought of honor and glory and what you are doing here upon the earth. Was it all for the sake of Christ and for the sake of others, to the extent that it was there is great reward. To the extent that it was not done in that spirit. It was just busy work. No doubt helpful in many ways to the kingdom of Christ, because God can even use a an apostate like Baylon to accomplish his purposes, but Caleb didn't get any reward for what he did. That's a sobering thought is that what if our reward is in proportion to our having the mind of Christ as it set before us here because all of us to search our hearts and to confess our sins are pride, our selfishness and asked the Lord to help us to serve him with the mind that is in Christ Jesus, shall we pray heavenly father. What a Savior. What a Savior you have given what a Savior has come and given himself for us. One example is set before us. What a sacrifice has been provided for us. What a reason to live.
What promises to look forward to and what help you have given us in your word, and by your spirit to live like our Savior, at least to some degree.
Lord help us help us to trust him to serve him the way that he shows us to as we ask it in Jesus name, amen