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The Psalm of the Cross: Part 2

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice
The Truth Network Radio
October 8, 2021 8:00 am

The Psalm of the Cross: Part 2

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice

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October 8, 2021 8:00 am

Let’s take a closer look at the cross. Today on The Bible Study Hour with Dr. James Boice, we’ll continue with part 2 of our study on the psalm of the cross. The second half of psalm 22 shifts from a mood of despair and separation, to a glorious focus on deliverance, righteousness and eternal salvation from sin

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Let's take a closer look at the cross today on the Bible study hour with Dr. James Boyce will continue with part two of our study on the Psalm of the cross.

The second half of Psalm 22 shifts from a mood of despair and separation to a glorious focus on deliverance, righteousness and eternal salvation from sin and welcome to the Bible study our radio and Internet broadcast with Dr. James Boyce preparing you to think and act biblically. Last week we heard how Jesus experienced separation from God as he hung on the cross, taking on our sin. Listen now is Jesus experiences a turning point in the crucifixion story and what that means for our salvation.

If you have your Bible turn to Psalm 22 quite often when I studying the Bible in preparation for sermons or for some other reason I come across a text that is particularly tantalizing one text like that is sin. Luke's account of the resurrection in Luke 24, 27 were told that after Jesus had appeared to the Emmaus disciples so were going home after the crucifixion and the resurrection, but not believing in a Jesus appeared to them and when I explained to him that the reason they were so downcast is that this person that they had believed in Jesus of Nazareth, whom they thought was going to be the Redeemer of Israel that he had been arrested and crucified. And that's why they were sad. Jesus began to explain to them from the Scriptures that everything that happened to him was prophesied and had to come true and then you have that great text that I've referred to. Beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself tantalizing because it's an all embracing term that verse says that he began with Moses and the prophets and explain to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself is touching upon the three great divisions of the Old Testament and Judaism is even a word for the Hebrew word cannot composed of three consonants in each of the consonant stand for one of those divisions is the part T books of the law and then another day in the prophets, and then the captivating the writings of the Scriptures so that verse is saying is that Jesus went to the Old Testament and interpreting from the law and the prophets, and the writings you show that it was necessary that he should die, and then rise again I find that tantalizing because it sets me thinking about the Old Testament.

In that way and I ask myself what texts was it that Jesus Christ expounded those two disciples on that famous walk from Jerusalem to Emmaus. Now when you think about it. Some of the passages come readily to mind.

Isaiah 53 is an example be hard to imagine Jesus talking about his death would refer to that great text and others associated with it, in which the innocent suffer is said to bear the sin of his people suffering in their stead. Other texts are problematic say is this messianic passage in anticipation of the coming passion and resurrection of our Lord. Perhaps it would've been nice to of been there and heard the Lord's sermon on passings and I'm sure the Lord referred to, however, is the 22nd. Saul, I say, I'm sure that he referred to that because of all the many passages that you can take the Old Testament there is none. Not one that is equal to this as being a vivid description of the crucifixion and the blessings that were to come from it.

The scholars who look at the Old Testament are generally very careful not to just assume that they are prophetic car messianic and tall and generally they try to find a context for them in the time in which they were written something in David's life.

Of example that would explain the content of the song or something in the life of the people that might explain about when you come to this Psalm, you find that you really can't do that. David went through many tough times in his life and many of the Psalms are expressions of those times when he was downcast and discoloration seeking God's presence and blessing. But there's nothing in the life of David that corresponds to this, many of the Old Testament figures were second in their grave illness. I called out to God, but this is Ms. description of an illness. This is a description of execution and execution by crucifixion the plat don't have to read this very carefully to realize that it is an accurate prophecy of the things the Lord Jesus Christ suffered on the's not only by that kind of reasoning that we come to the conclusion.

This Psalm is quoted in at least one other place in the New Testament in reference to Jesus as if he spoke the words that passages in the second chapter of Hebrews and the quotation is verse 12 where he is quoting from the 22nd verse of the song and the words he quotes are days I will declare your name to my brothers in the congregation I will praise you and I chapter of Hebrews and in the chapter immediately preceding at the authors trying to present the superiority of Jesus Christ to all other beings in the created universe. He tries to show first to superiority to the Angels they cause the one of whom he speaking Jesus of Nazareth, the Psalm is called the son of God, and not merely a servant is the Angels are speaks also of the prophecies that say that all the kingdoms of the earth will be subjected to him so he is superior to all men and women that live upon the face of the earth. And then he is superior in 20 as Donnie talks about his work of salvation. The second chapter goes on about that at great length, showing how Lord Jesus Christ became our great high priest offering, not another sacrifice on our behalf on himself as the sacrifice. As a result of which he is achieved.

Our salvation is made atonement for our sins and it's in the context of fact chapter making that point that the sources quoted a letter tells us a lot about how we should interpret the Psalm tells us that the speaker in verse 22 is indeed throughout the Psalm is Jesus Christ. And it tells us that the brothers he refers to sisters also are those for whom he died. I was helpful if we see this in the context of the crucifixion. This is the second study of the Psalm, and I showed as we began to get into it that it fits the pattern of what was happening on the day of the crucifixion very well. Recall that at the beginning when Jesus Christ was condemned by Pilate after having previously been condemned by the Sanhedrin was being let out to the place of crucifixion, his mind seems to have focused on other people. When he saw the women following him and was concerned for them. He turned to them and said only permit weep for yourselves and for your children because he knew what was coming to Jerusalem in the form of the invasion and subjugation of the people by the Romans under Titus and it was a terrible time as we know, so he said weep for yourselves for what's coming, he prophesied that and then when he was being nailed to the cross.

He was thinking about this soldiers were carrying out the task of the crucifixion.

Any pray father forgive them for they know not what they do and when he was on the cross. He had a word for the believing thief, today you will be with me in paradise. And then he had a word for his mother as he commended her to the keeping of John the beloved disciple woman behold your son and Johnny said John behold your mother. He was thinking about other people. Yet, the time came as the darkness descended over the land from 12 noon to three in the afternoon when Jesus was made sin for us and actually or the punishment for our transgressions that this change during those three hours of darkness would seem he was not at this point thinking of other people, but he was thinking of himself and the meaning of the atonement and what he was reflecting on was the sole we know this because at the beginning of that. He cried out, quoting the first verse, my God, my God, why have you forsaken me it was a way of calling attention to the song we know it because the word of the end of this period of darkness.

He cried out, it is finished, which is very faithful rendering of the last phrase of the Psalm though it's translated somewhat different in our Bibles. He is done it would seem that what he had been doing during those hours of darkness was meditating on what the Psalm said. And of course nothing is more reasonable because the song mixes dismay at those who were mocking his dismay at the pain and is dismay at being forsaken by his father as he was made sin for us, and what perhaps is even more significant. The song moves from that feeling of despair with which it begins, still a triumphant conclusion as he knows that the work of atonement has been accomplished and what he came to earth to do has been fulfilled.

I pointed out and we were studying the first part that the turn comes at the very end of verse 21 again.

It's a little bit hidden in our English translation, but what it really says there is that God has heard in view of what the text says it comes at the very end of verse 21 in the Hebrew text so you have in the first half of the Psalm study of the crucifixion itself and all of its pain and despair.

The suffering one calling out to God and then the statement midway through May and after that it changes what you have in the second half of the Psalm is not the cry of despair anymore, but an expression of great confidence and joy in what God accomplished. Now it's not particularly that we want to study what you have in the second half of the song is an expanding vision of the proclamation of the gospel. What Jesus accomplished on the cross was the salvation of his people.

He dying for them in order that the righteousness of God might be applied to their accountant here you have Jesus recognizing that it happened. Looking forward now again prophetically in the land that is going to go expanding throughout the entire world to the very end of human history and is in different phases. First of all, he says in verse 22 I declare your name to my brothers Mr. the congregation. I'm going to praise you pleasure for accomplishing the salvation or the brothers of his referring to. Well that phrase by itself could refer to anyone who comes to believe on Christ and is joined to him in the family of God by faith. They could refer to Jews and Gentiles people from all nations in all walks of life in this particular context doesn't seem to be used that way because if you look carefully you'll find that in the very next verse speaks of the descendents of Jacob, and then in the phrase. Following that, the descendents of Israel to turn being used in parallel as synonyms for one another and that defines what's meant by my brothers is referring here to the Jewish people. The first proclamation of the gospel was to the Jews.

And that's what we know happened historically, the principal is what Paul said starting the first chapter of Romans. He says to the Jew first and also to the Gentile and when Jesus gave the great commission to his disciples as it's recorded in the first chapter of acts.

He said to them, when the Holy Spirit comes upon you, and you are empowered to be my witnesses, you're going to be witnesses in Jerusalem is the capital of the Jewish state, and in Judea that is the area around about and Samaria, and finally to the uttermost parts of the earth, so the message that proclamation was to begin with Israel, to the Jew first, but then we notice as we go on verse 25 and following that the vision is broader than that.

Here he begins to think about the Gentiles, something interesting we need to say in verse 25. You have the words the great assembly on that word assembly is exactly the same word in the Hebrew as the word congregation in verse 22 in the congregation I will praise you and I verse 25 you comes by praising the great assembly Hebrew artist, Holland refers to the gathering of the people of God is translated often by the Greek word play CF from which we get the translation church was talking about here is the first church, which was the Jewish church.

Historically that's what happened.

Now expansion to a greater church, which includes the Gentiles. You see the difference between verse 22 verse 25 is the adjective great just in case we miss what that's talking about and you get to verse 27, you find them talking about all the ends of the earth remembering the Lord and all the families of the nations bowing down is interesting you go back and study the teaching of Jesus Christ during his lifetime that he often express this vision for the conversion of the Gentiles.

Jesus was a Jew and he lived among the Jews and he died in the capital of the Jewish state, but he always had his mind upon the salvation of the Gentiles also. For example, he told the story of a man who prepared a banquet and he invited his close friends and neighbors to common when the invitation went out.

They replied that they were all too busy with everything they were doing want to just want to feel about it but five yoke of oxen.

What I just got married.

They said I'm just too busy.

Now I can comment the man who was preparing the banquet in Jesus story. Then without all the highways and the byways son brought in the outcasts, in order that his bike with all might be full. And when you read the story understand what Jesus is saying is that the gospel is been proclaimed that this generation the Jewish people and for the most part it was rejected and it was to go out even broader and be proclaimed to the Gentiles in order that the Gentiles might command those who were despised by the Jewish people of that day. He told other stories that were similar and perhaps most striking of all, in John 17 and that great prayer that he utters for his church just before his crucifixion.

He begins by praying for his disciples whom he had taught him From the world, then expanding that to include all who should believe on him. As a result of their witness can tell what is talking about the sinking of that missionary message going out in all the world and people from every walk of life in every nation coming to know him. That's what he's talking about here Jesus is hanging on the cross.

This is what is meditating on. He has been heard by God and he says because what has been done here are your name and your salvation is going to be proclaimed not only to the Jew but to the Gentile method one further phase. In this if you come to that. Last stanza, beginning with verse 29 you find there that he's thinking temporally verse 30 saying future generations will be told about the Lord and verse 31. The very last verse they will proclaim his righteousness to a people, yet on board. See what you find in the second half of the Psalm is the writer David, presumably, at least historically, boasting the bonds of language in order to cite how extensive and universal. This gospel message will become not just a message for the Jew. It's a message for the Gentile to and not just for the Gentiles, with Joe not merely for the poorest of the rich you find those things referred to here, not only for those who are near but also for those who are far off, and furthermore that this is to be not just now but it's to be forever as long as human history class untold generations of people yet unborn will be included in the church become a benefit of Jesus death by crucifixion. That includes us to say because the Lord Jesus Christ died that you and I today and our children and our children's children can hear the message and can come to him.

That's a very wonderful thing you say in a Jesus Christ was really thinking of this law as we believe he brought us because of the way he referred to it when he was hanging on the cross, then you and I can be encouraged, knowing that as he died is very last thoughts were of us because you see didn't die until the end. The turning point comes in verse 21, and while he was still on the cross sees beginning to think of all those who would believe because of what he accomplished. I think verse 21 is where you have the passing of the hours of darkness, hours of darkness had shrouded the cross, protecting Jesus from the gaze of sinful men and women while he was made sin for us was a private time in which the transaction that brought us salvation was enacted out between God the father and God the son see that time of atonement past.

He brought our sin and in verse 21 he tells us that he has recovered the presence of God.

Once again he knows that God has heard it. Now you see in the last moments he's looking outward. Once Mauricio was when he was on the way to the cross.

He was thinking about others when he was hanging on the cross.

During the hours of darkness.

He was thinking about himself and the meaning of the atonement, and rightly so, as the darkness began to pass. He looked outward from the cross again in his dying moments, he began to think of all we should believe he began to think of you and me is when he got to the end of my process of reasoning that he said it is finished. Because the work of achieving our salvation was done at work requires a little Fontan phrase that is finished requires want to reason is this, we tend instinctively in our human nature to want to add something to that salvation.

It's just natural to the human heart want to do it for ourselves. Sometimes this is expressed in very crude ways. We somehow think that we can bargain with God.

If we go to church more than we expected to do something for us in return or we give money in the plate or if we do a good deed to somebody some where. Somehow we think somehow God owes us something and sometimes the natural theology says well if I do enough. Certainly God owes me heaven sometimes very sophisticated. There are forms of theology that work this out great length distinguishing for example between temporal sins and eternal sins are temporal punishment and eternal punishment for our sins are sins committed before baptism or sins committed after baptism sometimes works out this way before baptism when we believe in Christ and are baptized all of the sentence, both those deserving temporal punishment of those deserving eternal punishment are all blotted out. But then, beginning at that point we still have the sins we commit after baptism in the sins that are not eternal, as were temporal have to be worked out in some measure, either by good works, or by the prayers of the saints or whatever it may be.

There are whole systems of theology that work that out in intricate detail, but they're all wrong.

You see, Jesus was right when as he finished the work of atonement. He said it is finished he meant by that. It is finished, is no more to be done. I have done it. I have achieved salvation for my people and therefore all that remains nonsense people to do.

Simply believe, and begin to act upon it. How can it be otherwise, he's the God man were not the God man, we're just sinful human beings, we need a Savior singer. He's the Savior is the one that died upon the cross velocities.

The one whose death was acceptable to Almighty God is the one who was offered office them lamb without blemish and without spot you and I are plenty of blemishes and spots of the didn't achieve but it can't be achieved when he died and he recovered a voice from God once again and said it is finished, he manages finished I have done what needs to be done and salvation as they are, and how for my people somebody will say at that point. Well, certainly we have to do something answer is all you have to do is receive it and earn it. You have to do is receive it you receive it by faith. You know they asked Jesus a question on one occasion, they said to him, what must we do to do the works of God to provide. John six and Jesus response was classic. Jesus said this is the work of God, that you believe on him whom he absent when do something. Open your hands and receive what God has provided for you in the death of Jesus Christ. Don't try to add to it. You can't Arthur Pinkerton study of the final word from the cross is finished as a story about farmer who was trying to witness to his friend was a carpenter. The carpenter kept insisting that he had to do something for the salvation of the farmer would say no. Jesus did it all to him.

Jesus paid it all to him. I sit and left a crimson stain, he washed it white as snow, and the carpenter said all I hear that that can't be right have to do something so the farmer hit upon the strategy he had a field that had a fence around it. He needed a new gate so we went down and he asked his friend the carpenter to make a gate for them all the dimensions them and made it loaded and on his wagon and he took it out and he hung it on the fence in his field. Many made contact with his friend the carpenter asked him if he come out and see it was hung properly and the man did. They were good friends. When the carpenter arrived, there was the farmer standing by the new gate, and farmer had an accident. Sam and the carpenter said to him when you got the ax for really set. I thought I would add a few cuts to your work.

He said well you don't have to do that said made perfectly and it's fitting perfectly luckily showed up at work.

Apsley all said his friend. I think I need to do something to improve it so he took the ax and he began to hack away at the gates and in the manner made it was distressed at all. He was ruining his try to get them to stop any Data in the Data rightly destroyed.

In shambles and the governor said now look what you've done.

You've ruined my work and the farmer said to him, and that is exactly what you're trying to do with the work of Jesus Christ. When you add to it by your miserable efforts regarding the pink argues that dramatic illustration to bring the carpenter to faith in Jesus Christ are you trying to add to the work of Christ by your miserable works. Maybe that's too low to the term. I know you don't think of them as miserable works. You're less than adequate works. Your very best works are you trying to add to the work of Jesus Christ by that you can't do it. Jesus paid it all, all to him I sin had left a crimson stain, he washed it white as snow. Jesus said it is finished. The minutes when he said it was. I have a nice final word and that is what comes out of the very last stanza. I said that you can add to the work and that is true. I said, is there not anything you can do and I said the only thing you can do is receive it.

Believe it's what is meant when we talk about salvation through the channel of faith, believing it but it is not quite true to say that there's nothing for us to do because once you have, and received it as a gift. Then there is plenty to do in this last stanza talks about it. Look over the ridge of the earth. I guess he means literally ranch but certainly not rich and salvation will feast and worship want to go down to the dust will kneel before him.

There's the first thing you could do that you can worship.

If you have found Christ be your savior.

Worship means to praise God for who he is and what he's done and so you can place them you can say, isn't it wonderful that God is such a God of love that he sent Jesus Christ to do a work like that that I might be rescued from my sin, the destined to spend an eternity with him. Praise to God like that. That is to worship you need to do that. Secondly, you can serve in verse 30 talks of that posterity will serve him work to be done.

It's not that God couldn't do it without a space chosen to do it with us and so we become his servants in the world. We are coworkers with him and with Jesus Christ the way the Scripture speaks look around you, there's plenty of work to be done good deeds to be done in Christ name not to earn your salvation you cannot because you're saying is that expression is Thanksgiving.

Finally, verse 31. There's the proclamation of this righteousness. What is it mean they will proclaim his righteousness to a people, yet unborn. Well that is the message of salvation that God is provided. Righteousness Ferris in Jesus Christ and these dealt with us righteously, causing Jesus Christ to bear our sin that we might not have to bear that is the message of the gospel in its meaning a good Friday and if you know it then wrapped the most important thing of all. For you to do is proclaim it to future generations proclaim it to those about you now.

And as they proclaim it to others simply proclaim it to our children and our children to our children's children. It will be generations yet unborn and the day will come when by that grace of God. Although hard to believe, will stand around the great throne of God and sing praises.

This one who died for us that we might be rescued from our sins is in a good that it was finished.

Then anything to be added to it anything to be added to a BIOS we can be certain that we would've messed it up, but we haven't had an opportunity to do that because he did it all.

Let's pray our father, we thank you for the work of Jesus Christ for us. We thank you for this great song that we have studied that portrays it in such clear language, showing what he suffered and what was accomplished by it. Thank you for the way the love of Jesus Christ flows through these pages as we find them looking down the corridors of time to see Jew and Gentile, rich and poor, those near and those far off even to generations yet unborn coming to believe be saved through his atonement.

Thank you.

That is vision extended even as far as ourselves, and that by that same grace in which we were saved. We are able to proclaim the message to others who shall also believe We pray and encourage us in the proclamation of this message since I thank you for listening to this message from the Bible study our listener supported ministry of the alliance of confessing Evangelicals. The alliance is a coalition of pastors, scholars and churchmen who hold to the historic creeds and confessions of the reformed faith and who proclaim biblical doctrine in order to foster a reformed awakening in today's church. To learn more about the alliance visit alliance and while you're there, visit our online store reformed resources. You can find messages and books from Dr. Boyce and other outstanding teachers and theologians or vascular free reformed resources catalog by calling 1-800-488-1888. Please take the time to write to us and share how the Bible study our has impacted you. We love to hear from you and pray for you. Our address is 600 Eden Rd., Lancaster, PA 17601. Please consider giving financially to help keep the Bible study our impacting people for decades to come. You can do over the phone at 1-800-488-1888 or send a check to 600 Eden Rd., Lancaster, PA 176014 Canadian gifts mail those to 237 Rouge Hills Dr., Scarborough, ON M, one scene two line 9. Thanks for your continued parents info listening to Bible study. Our preparing you to think and act

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