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Davidic Covenant (Part 2)

The Voice of Sovereign Grace / Doug Agnew
The Truth Network Radio
February 28, 2021 6:00 pm

Davidic Covenant (Part 2)

The Voice of Sovereign Grace / Doug Agnew

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February 28, 2021 6:00 pm

Join us as Pastor Doug Agnew preaches part 2 of a message on the Davidic Covenant. For more information, visit

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Have your Bibles with you turn with me if you would to second Samuel chapter 7 we looking at verses 11 through 17.

From the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel now will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house when your days are fulfilled and you live down with your father's.

I will raise up your offspring after you shall come from your body and I will establish his kingdom.

He shall build a house for my name and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men with the stripes of the Son of Man, my steadfast love will not depart from him as I took it from Saul, put away from before you in your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me.

Your throne shall be established forever in accordance with all these words in accordance with all this vision.

Nathan spoke to David that with me as we go to our Lord in prayer Lord Jesus 2000 years ago, a father who had a demon possessed son came to you and begged you for help. You said to him, all things are possible to those who believe and he responded to you, Lord, I believe, help my unbelief. We understand that man's plight. He knew that you were his answer. He knew that you had power to deliver his son from demonic bondage. We also knew that his faith was weak.

Lord we confess to you this morning that our faith is also weak, so helpless not to focus on the smallness of our faith. Help us to focus on the greatness, the magnitude and the grandeur of our Savior, father's, each day of my life passes I realize more and more that I am nothing in Christ is my everything.

Father give me the grace to be more and more dependent on Christ. In this passage we see prophecy given the rest of the Scripture we see that prophecy fulfilled. Lord, convict us of ever doubting your word. Make us ashamed for not trusting you more use this passage to make us more like Christ. Please empower me to preach this morning keep my lips from arrow help me to exalt Jesus and edify your children for deals in the precious, wonderful and holy name of Jesus that we pray. Amen. You may be seated.

Two weeks ago I preached a sermon entitled when God says no.

David had a great desire to build a temple for the Lord. David had built for them the highest self and had great help from the architect from from Tyre and Sidon to build this beautiful palace for himself and for his family probably one of the most beautiful places in the entire world was a beautiful palace and and everybody looked up to that one day David looked out upon Mount Zion and when he did he saw the tabernacle of David and inside the tabernacle of David, there was the ark of the covenant representing the very presence of God and David looked up and he saw that it was nothing but animal skin tent that was playing it was simple. It was dirty. David felt deep conviction. He said this is not right. Why should I be living in a palace in luxury and all this glory and in the God of the universe. The presence of that God is in a animal skin tent. He said this is not right.

I will build a temple to the Lord. I want to build a temple for God's honor and for God's glory. I want to build a temple that will be so beautiful that will make my palace look like an absolute shack and then he went to Nathan the prophet. He shared his heart with the music. Nathan, this is what I want to do. Nathan heard that he thought, man, this is a great thing David, this is a I believe the right motive, a righteous motive without even consulting the Lord in prayer. Nathan said let's do it. David, this is what God would have us to do. God dealt with Nathan and rebuked him and said no it is not my will for David to build the temple.

It is my will for his son to build the temple at son was Solomon and he wasn't even born yet. He said I will build David will not build a house for me is that I will build a house for David.

David is a man of war. David is a man of blood, I will build David's house now. What did that mean it meant that God was entered into a covenant with David and and in that covenant he was telling him that day was coming when the Messiah Christ the son of God, the King of Kings and Lord of lords. What it would be born in the tribe of Judah, and we'd be a direct blood descendent of David himself last week. Went to the gospel of Luke and in the gospel of Luke Zacharias is in the temple and these going through his priestly duties of angel Gabriel comes to him and the angel Gabriel tells him that he is going to have a son and that son will be none other than John the Baptist and John the Baptist will be the forerunner of the Messiah.

If you go through that passage. It is unbelievable to see all the great prophecies that are fulfilled in that particular prophecy that Zechariah's ideas, but it's what I hear pseudo-intellectual liberals calling the Bible and ancient dusty book that just can't stand up to our modern science and our pseudo-psychology.

It makes me want to scream and when what I want to say to them I sent you think the holy Scriptures are antiquated and untrustworthy then explained to me how all the Scriptures that were given by God were perfectly fulfilled.

Some of them perfectly fulfilled 1500 years later, when Jesus died on the cross 33 Old Testament prophecies were fulfilled to the letter not heard people say, well, Jesus just kind of manipulated those things to make it appear to be so.

Is that right.

How did Jesus manipulate the place where he'd be born in Bethlehem. Micah chapter 5 verse two.

How is it that that David could prophesy how Jesus would die and he did it a thousand years before crucifixion was even a means of execution. How is it that Jesus was prophesied that he would be buried with the rich man in Isaiah 53 and he was buried in the tomb of a rich man. Joseph of Arimathea what he had to do with that absolutely nothing.

How is it that Jesus was prophesied that soldiers would gamble for his close did he have anything to do with that that he manipulate that absolutely not listen when people start whining about the Bible being an untrustworthy book. I asked them to explain the fulfillment of prophecy with absolute 100% accuracy. They came explain that books the fulfillment of Scripture is not just hit and miss educated guesses is the sovereign word of God, who knows the future as well as he knows the past today only jump back in the six second Samuel chapter 7 and Leslie have a Lord or orchestrated the Davidic covenant how he opened David's heart so that David cannot only understand it, at least partially, but that he would love it. Three points on share with you number one God's covenant promise to David versus 11 to 12 from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house when your days are fulfilled and you live down with your fathers. I will raise up your offspring after you shall come from your body and I will establish his kingdom. Our God is a covenant giving covenant keeping God when Adam and Eve disobeyed God, and they send in the garden of Eden the aid of forbidden fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

God immediately established his covenant of grace.

And he spoke to the serpent, who had deceived Eve and he said this to the serpent. Hey said I will put enmity between you and her between your seed and her seed. He will crush your head, and you will bruise his heel. That theologians call that verse the proto-who on galley or the first gospel is the promise of the Messiah will come and destroy the works of the devil and in the Davidic covenant we get further information about about that Messiah would be about who is that seed of the woman, we find that that it is the Messiah and that it is going to be a royal seed member. Abigail.

Abigail was married tonight ball hard headed fool metabolic criticized David cursed David challenge David. David got mad and he was going after Dave all had plans to killing and Abigail came to David and his men brought a great feast and fed them all. They got David off to the side and said David, my husband is a hard headed fool said please don't hurt him or kill him because that will do nothing to hurt your reputation and and hurt your fellowship with God. Leave it to God. God will deal with my husband David and David realize that she was exactly right.

And so David did nothing.

10 days later the Lord smote made all and he died right there on the spot.

David went on to marry Abigail and and and I want you to think for just a minute about what Abigail said to David. She was trying to persuade him not to kill her husband. She prophesied and she prophesied about the Davidic covenant in first Samuel 25 verse 28. She said this. Please forgive the trespass of your servant for the Lord will certainly make my Lord assure house because my Lord is fighting the battles of the Lord.

I don't think that David fully understood that, at that time. But when Nathan stood before him and Nathan prophesied and Nathan said God says this David you will not build a house, but he will build you a house. I have a feeling that all those things that Abigail and said to David, came rushing back into his mind and he came to this understanding that yes Abigail understood that his bloodline would be not only royal but it would be heavenly royal. It will be the messianic bloodline before we moved to point to let me remind you that the Davidic covenant was not established because of David's merits because David was good. We need to understand that this covenant was not made to honor David for killing Goliath or for being a man after God's own heart or for writing. Over half the Psalms in the Psalter or for winning all the battles against his enemies. Folks God did not establish the Davidic covenant because David was good, God established the Davidic covenant because God is a gracious God. David puffed up his chest and he said I will build God a house and God said no you won't. I will build you a house.

Won't you listen to what God said to David and listen to how God is is showing David his sovereignty here because I took you from the pastor David. I've been with you. I will make your name great. I will give you rest. I will raise up your offspring after you, brothers and sisters. That's exactly what God is saying to us as Christians. Many times you hear Christians say I made a decision for Christ. I'm the one responsible for this.

I was wise enough. I was smart enough I repented of my sins, I am living a holy life know you're not you are doing a thing that God didn't give you the grace the strength the mercy and the power to do.

Jesus said, without me you can do nothing didn't say without me, you give it a good shot inside without being too little bit. He said without me you can do nothing. Resident sisters that all the horrible us it all to deeply humble last before you are saved you what you were dead in your trespasses and sins.

You were by nature a child of wrath you were controlled by the world the flesh and the devil you were headed for an eternal hail. But God, who is rich in mercy has quickened you and set you in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. Paul explain this to us about using Jacob and Esau was his examples in Romans chapter 9 verses 11 to 18. He said this, though they were not yet born and had done nothing either good or bad in order that God's purpose of election might continue, not because of works but because of him. He calls she was told the older will serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob I love, but Esau I hated. What shall we say then is there injustice on God's part. By no means free says to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy. I will have compassion on whom I have compassion so that it depends not on human will or exertion, but on God who has mercy for the Scripture says to Pharaoh for this purpose I have raised you up that I might show my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth. So then he has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills brothers and sisters. That's how we need to view our salvation.

What we ought to be humbled and broken. Not arrogant and proud and we David is having this Davidic covenant explained to him. David realize that it was God's work and not he is point to the promised son Solomon. Look at verses 12 through 13 when your days are fulfilled and you live down with your fathers. I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. This is a theological instrument that God uses here in many other places the Bible is called telescoping and what is telescoping is God giving us a dual prophecy where he prophesies about one thing that will happen in the near future and uses that to point us to another thing probably and most of his house. A much greater thing that will happen sometime down the line, it way up and out into the future. For example, Psalm 22 is a partial picture of of David and what he would go through and the persecution that he would experience the tribulation and the hardship within that is used to point us further down the road to the Lord Jesus Christ who would be crucified, nailed to the cross to pay our sin debt.

I think of Matthew chapter 24 the Olivet discourse where Jesus is telling them something about what was going to take place in the near future. Within 40 years that Jerusalem would be destroyed and that the temple would be completely knocked down and he then uses that to say yes that's good happen in your lifetime, but use that to look down into the future and see that Jesus is coming back a second time and when he comes back the second time. History will end and we will be with him for all of eternity.

That's telescoping the primary person in the Davidic covenant is the Lord Jesus Christ, but we see another person that is spoken of here and that other person that is spoken of is that use actual son and his actual son is Solomon and Solomon was not even born in this time Dave is not even married to Solomon's mother, Bathsheba at this point in time.

So God gives us a short term prophecy concerning Solomon that would be fulfilled in less than 50 years. He prophesies that Solomon would build the temple the real temple the that the brick and mortar and and Cedar Temple. That's what he would build and he did that so Solomon and the Stone Temple symbols and types in pictures of what would come later thousand years later as Jesus Christ would come to this earth to be the Messiah and then the temple would be a picture of the church of Jesus Christ.

The people of God.

Listen to what Paul says to the church in first Corinthians 316 through 17. Do you not know that you are God's temple that God's Spirit dwells in you. If anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy him. For God's temple is holy and you are that temple apostle Peter gives even more insight.

Peterson sharing with the people of God said if, when the temple comes down in the temple was destroyed said that's okay said the temple is a temporary it's not supposed to last. But it is prophesying something that will last and will last forever.

Peterson is this first Peter two as you come to him a living stone, rejected by men but in the side of God, chosen and precious year sales like living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, and offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. Once you were not a people, but now you are God's people. Once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy. So let's go back to Solomon, God tells us that Solomon will actually build the temple. He did bill that temple and it was more beautiful than David probably had ever imagined. It was a monument to God's glory and people from all over the place came just to look at the temple I think of the Queen of Sheba who came to sit down with Solomon to to just see if he was really as wise as people said she asking all kinds of questions and the Lord gave Solomon the wisdom to answer those questions with God's wisdom behind it and then she went. She looked at the temple and she was absolutely enthralled and in fact, she became speechless. So Solomon fulfilled that prophecy of the building of the temple, but there was another prophecy concerning Solomon. It was prophesied that he would be chastened by God.

When he sinned that prophecy was also fulfilled to the letter. God had warned the leaders of Israel, the kings of Israel not to marry strange and foreign women that worship false gods because they would would turn the hearts of those kings away from God. If they if they were to get involved with the strange women where you talk about a heartbreaking story. This wise man Solomon forsakes his wisdom and act like a fool in his per purposely sinful and disobedient against God first Kings 11 once he forces this necking. Solomon loved many foreign women along with the daughter of Pharaoh, Moabite Ammon, i.e. to my son Tony and and Hittite women from the nations concerning which the Lord had said to the people of Israel. You shall not enter into marriage with them, neither shall they with you for surely there will turn your heart out after their own gods. Solomon clung to these and love get 700 wives who were princesses 300 concubines and his wives turned away his heart when Solomon was old. His wives turned away his heart after other gods in his heart was not wholly true to the Lord is God, as was the heart of David his father because of this the Lord chastened Solomon and when Solomon died, his son, Rehoboam came to rain and it wasn't long before the kingdom split Judah and Benjamin. Those two tribes went with Rehoboam and the other tribe said no we will not follow you in the kingdom was split me and let me stop here and give us all a warning, the man who wrote Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and song of songs is Solomon.

Solomon was first the king, the Lord spoke to him came to him appeared him in a dream and in that dream.

He asked Solomon to ask for anything you wanted. When Solomon gave his answer, the Lord was very pleased me read you that give your servant therefore an understanding mind. This is what Solomon is saying to govern your people that I may discern between good and evil. For who is able to govern this your great people to please the Lord, that Solomon and Astley us and God said to him, because you asked this and have not asked for yourself long life or riches or the life of your enemies, but having asked for yourself understanding to discern what is right, behold, I'd nail due according to your word.

Behold, I give you a wise and discerning mine so that none like you has been before you, and none like you shall arise after you.

I give you.

Also, what you have not asked both riches and honor, so that no other king shall compare with you all your days as a way to start off the kingship you put God first.

You put others second and you put yourself away on down the line. That's what Solomon did. He started off amazingly well. How could he possibly mess up. This is how he messed up he a messed up because he was tempted with sex and the lure and the excitement in the 30 was so powerful it overrode his wisdom, and it destroyed him two weeks ago, news came out that a great theologian minister and Christian speaker who died a few months back, was found guilty of sexual sin with numerous women. This stuff that he was doing took place over decades. It was not a situation like David with Bathsheba. Where is a one time thing and David was broken and repented.

This was something that was perpetually going on.

It was habitual sin, my heart broke this man was a powerful apologist engaging preacher. He was unbelievably good. Author and he threw it all away to enjoy his lust. Men listen, this is war. This is not a game. We can't play with fire.

I know people say will look at the Congressman look at the Senators there committing adultery. Look at the great business executives American and in in all these sexual liaisons. So what I don't belong to Jesus belong to the world and they're just doing what the world does your Christian called a better than that you are called to come out from among them and be separate and touch not the unclean thing Mia don't think your above temptation because you're not in the only way you're going to defeated is to prepare for war. Don't put yourself in areas of temptation. Don't think that you can rationalize your way out of temptation were not that smart. The only way to defeat sexual temptation is to flee to run to get as far away from it as you possibly can menu need accountability you need to have me around you care about you and love you and will push you toward purity stay on your knees stay in the word of God. If you play with fire you get burned and I don't care place you think you are to God. Your flesh is weak. If this can happen to Solomon. Rest assured, you can happen to us go to war man take a stand.

Don't let the devil steal your testimony back to the text verse 15 God says my steadfast love will not depart from him referring to Solomon. Richard Phillips said the following why God promise never to remove the steadfast love from David's line. The reason was his grace to keep his covenant promise is so great and solemn a promise involving the eternal glory of the covenant making God relied any ultimate whale man's performance than it could rest on the shaky histograms, but the fulfillment of God's promise did not allow David or any of his wicked descendents. Rather, God's promise relied on the sovereign purpose of God's gracious will. And this grace insured his faithfulness to David's Ayers God is permanently and unconditionally committed to David and what flows from David for Israel's future God sovereign commitment takes the form of steadfast love not only for David and Solomon but also for those who enter into covenant with Jesus through faith in him .3. David's Royal son who is Jesus.

Verse 13 in verse 16 and 17. He shall build a house for my name and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever in your house and your kingdom should be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever in accordance with all these words in accordance with all this vision. Nathan spoke to David and remember what's happening. This is called telescoping.

It's obvious that several of these prophecies were referring to Solomon. Solomon did build the brick temple exactly as God said he would do.

Solomon did sin. And Solomon was chastened by God. Did Jesus build the temple did not bill the brick temple that he built the temple of God, which is the people of God. Did Jesus sin, absolutely not. But he became sin for us, who knew no sin with Jesus chastened.

He was not chastened for any sin that he committed but he was punished for the sin that he became. He was punished for our sin he suffered. Ira Hale or us now verse 13 can only be referring to Jesus for the promise is an everlasting throne and everlasting kingdom. Solomon's role was an earthly rule.

It lasted for less than four decades from 970 BC 931 BC. The reign of Jesus is eternal when Jesus ascended back to heaven he we went back to heaven he was seated at the right hand of God the father feels they are right now, but the day is coming when he is going to return and he is going to return and with us with him. He is going to establish the eternal kingdom and brothers and sisters. It will be forever and ever and ever. Spray heavenly father, we praise you for the Davidic covenant through it we see prophecy fulfilled over and over again. This proves to us that your word is true. Jesus, she said that every jot and tittle of your word is true.

Paul said all Scripture is given by inspiration of God is profitable for doctrine, for approval for correction instruction in righteousness. The writer of Hebrews said the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and joints and marrow, is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

Help us Lord to trust your word, not our feelings, not our heart, not our politics not our culture but your word, help us to build faith to a radical dependence on you. As we look at Solomon today. We should all be challenged to realize that that we are on a battleground not a playground. The enemy wants to destroy our testimony and harm the name of Jesus in the process. May we be reminded that if a man was Solomon's wisdom can fall so can we. Father, help us to stand for our good and for your glory puts in the precious holy name of Jesus that we pray. Amen

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