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A Litany of Uplifting Contrasts

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice
The Truth Network Radio
October 20, 2021 8:00 am

A Litany of Uplifting Contrasts

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice

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October 20, 2021 8:00 am

As we continue with our study of the Psalms in chapter 30, David again praises God for hearing him and rescuing him. He reminds himself and us that, as believers, God’s anger lasts for a moment, but His favor lasts for a lifetime. Weeping may stay for the night but, with God, rejoicing always comes in the morning.

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Today on the Bible study hour with Dr. James Boyce. We continue our study in the Psalms, David again praises God for hearing hitmen rescuing him. David reminds himself and we as believers that God's anger lasts for a moment, but his favor lasts for a lifetime. Weeping may stay for the night but with God's joy always comes in the morning and welcome to the Bible study our radio and Internet broadcast with Dr. James Boyce telling you to think and act quickly when David asked God to spare him from his enemies and certain death.

God heard him and saved his life. God drew David up from the pit of despair and now David is filled with grateful Thanksgiving. If you have your Bible handy turn to Psalm 30 I was going on starting and I turned that when you have it before you read it earlier and we one of the what is to be learned for ourselves as we study away into the mind of God is JI Packer set them on the occasion of the mind of the biblical writers we have to understand first of all what David is doing.

We understand that we understand what God is saying here and therefore also saying to us sometimes pointed out as we become Psalm's a particular type of Psalm that were dealing with because often that's helpful when working with the salt scholars provide them up in different way or are perhaps seven or eight different types of small donors. So if you want to be very scholarly and impress your friends. Sometime you can refer to the difference on the goners.

One of them is a Thanksgiving Psalm that's what this is David as something to thank God for him. He expresses his thanks and does it very eloquent language Thanksgiving Psalms are usually closely related to two other kind of Psalms 1 is a lament and that's because when the psalmist writes a Thanksgiving Psalm usually as a follow-up on a lament. He given earlier.

He complained about something, ask God for help and then when God provided help. He did a Psalm of Thanksgiving we don't have my background for this particular Psalm, but some of the words of what must of been the lament are with in verses nine and 10 David right there in the past 10 C reminds the Lord that he called to him for mercy and his sickness and then these are the words that he said what again is my destruction of my going down in the pit boss prayed a lot. Other songs like that and the other Psalms are lament. But this embodies the lament in past tense of the song which is basically a Psalm of Thanksgiving Psalms of Thanksgiving also relate to him because when psalmist expresses his Thanksgiving is in poetry. It's a kind of thing that would be strong and of course this Psalm would be a Psalm of Thanksgiving. Anna him another shot her and it relates to a lament has a title and title with the little bit more to it than this Psalms immediately preceding this hand. It says it's for the dedication of the temple at the first time since Psalm 18 that we had that kind of a comment only difficulty is we don't understand what it's referring to very much the actual word there is house for the dedication of the house. I could refer to the house of God, in which case the translation temple is appropriate.

It could also refer to David's own house. That is the palace but he doesn't explain that. And as far as I know we don't have any circumstance from the life of David that does explain it was an interesting incident from his life that might be a background from Latimer going to see that as we move along, but that in itself doesn't ultimately solve the problem were still left with an inability to understand exactly what that refers to what we can tell from the Solomon is worth mentioning at the beginning is that it is Thanksgiving for some great deliverance from success, from time to time in the fall will find the report of an unambiguous way that you're not sure sometimes that language can be used when what David was actually being threatened by his enemy was in great physical danger from his phone and so we pray to God for deliverance.

The words sound like being delivered from sickness, but probably not the case here. In this case, he really does nothing to be talking about a physical illness read that first phrase you lifted me out of the depths not necessarily mean illness. Verse two does O Lord my God, I called to you for help and you healed me. That really does seem to be sickness that leads into what is the best known and most quoted passage of the Psalm verse five. His anger lasts only for a moment, but his favor lasts a lifetime weeping re-may remain for a night, but rejoicing comes in the morning and see what that means is we study from a literary point of view of the most striking thing about this Psalm are the remarkable sets of contrasts that we find I'm going to look at the contrast is there summarize in the various stands as a highlight for problem but each of those four as other contrast within it.

I go through the Solomon, things contrasts I find at least a dozen maybe more than that you can do that because the poetic effect of the Psalm depends on the contrast in the emotional effect as you read and study it, or if we were able emerges from those contracts. Verse I just read contains many of the Musee's anger is favorable moment a lifetime weeping, rejoicing night and morning before of them are five of them right there that one verse isolate the Psalm is constructed. Now we look at the first three verses. These are the ones that talk about his his sickness and I begin by pointing out that when we studied Psalm 28. David was speaking along the same line when he spoke of the end of the danger of falling into it. He said if you don't help me. I'm going to be like those who go down and he was saying if you don't intervene.

I'm going to be dead now. The difference between that Solomon what he says here Psalm 28 he was playing for deliverance and he was saying if you don't deliver me. I will fall in this Psalm is already fallen out his crew technically doesn't say that he fallen into the pit that he had fallen in the pit would mean that he was dead on the site.

Happy to say that he fallen, fallen into the depths in verse one. That's what God is lifted amount of, and later on, you brought me up from the grave doesn't mean literally that he was in the gray but is talking about a very serious sent me saying I was so sick that as far as anybody standing around me was concerned they would've said this is a terminal illness under it strike you as strange for David to be talking about an illness. Read the story of his life, and I don't recall anything in the story of his life in the Old Testament the concerns illness many stories about danger and threats from Saul for example Saul through his spirit animal on occasion he could not, God protected it, but I find stories about illness. I sure why that's the case, perhaps because when the going was like nobody broadcast might be the reason or sickness which are so common and not day that nobody paid a great deal of attention to it, though of course it was a very serious thing dying in ancient times from almost anything.

I think people who know that they they probably have a long history of the human race.

More people died from simple high fever than from any other source, because until we had very simple drugs like aspirin. Many people simply died because their temperature got too high because of some infected and then their system broke down and they died to get sick really was serious and David is saying here. He was so sick that even his enemies. Well, we have an expression then we're talking about people were very old and very sick.

We say that 1 foot in the grave will isolate his enemies were looking at Dave and they think I'm 1 foot in the grave already and we can hardly wait to the other windows and after it say as far as they were concerned in their minds. At least they were picturing him already in the coffin, not even said I prayed to you and you lifted me up out of that dismal situation. You say he was a very interesting image for little bit hidden here because the verb is right. It's translated right reason we miss it is that we don't use the verb that way and said were listed in verse one, you lifted me out of the depths, not the literal translation of what that Hebrew word means, but the reason we miss it is that that word was usually used for drawing a bucket up out of the well went to the well to get water you threw in the bucket when it was full. You drew it up now drawing it up is that verb what David is saying is you drew me up out of the well is not vivid is that I was so bad off. It was like I was down and there was actually hopeless unless you reach down and lifted me out, you realize that that is what our situation is like in all areas. Unless God reaches down and Out what it means to be safe and sent you and I are capable of falling out of the pit of our own set by ourselves by whatever savings of God reaches down and saves us in here. David is talking about the same thing very vividly in terms of his sickness. When we think about sickness today. We usually think of it in terms of science and we often speak of the wonders of modern medicine. Sometimes we even speak of the miracles of medicine understand that medicine is not a miracle. It's a technology and although we should be very thankful for the skills and the knowledge and the talent doctors those who stand behind them in the area. Research all the medicine that's provided it is not the medicine the does the healing.

As God provides the healing and this is what David saw in his day in which I am afraid we are in danger of losing in our day because we live so much as people of the age that we look at secondary causes, we forget the first because it stands behind it. You have to do is learn to think of our lives.

More and more is being controlled by God, because of course whether we think of it like that or not they are, God saves us, we are saying that God doesn't save as we are lost we have to think in those terms but in terms of sickness and apply it this way when you are sick what you do, do you should pray should ask God for healing.

That's entirely right. James says we should do it the end of his letter, then this equally important when you are healed. Remember to thank God for it. Remember that it's he who has healed you, praise him or what is done.

Islamist dots of what the song is about, well, you see a lot of contrast here. I mentioned that the Psalm is a Psalm of contrast, look at the contract you have just these first three verses is lifted up versus going down. He fell in the pit and God and lifted him up there is God who helped him versus his enemies are bloated over his fall. There's a serious sickness versus his renewed health companies praising God as the threat of the grave versus life, and there is physical suffering versus praise and thanksgiving to God. All of that is there in those versus Peter Craigie whom I quote on occasion is a very good commentator on the Psalms that is occasion for the present act of worship is not merely the assurance that God would answer find that in some of the other thought, but rather the experience of actual healing because God has answered his prayer now after expressing his thanks to God for the healing David that something is very characteristic of David as he turns to the people of God, whom he calls you sinks of his firstborn. The second phrase and he asked them to join him in praising God to why does he ask them to join him I would be quite proper for him to ask people to join in and praise God for his healing because he was the king their king that God healed her to go to thank him for healing your king I would be right. That's not wanting not to think of something much finer than that, he calls upon them to do is praise God, not merely because God has been gracious to himself because it's God's nature to be gracious. What that means is he wants him to remember that that's exactly the way God has acted in their lives and doubtlessly numerous situations understand what he saying in this section, verses four and five, we have to understand that what is getting here is not a general principle, but something that describes God's character reason the saints are to praise him. Is this because his anger lasted only a moment, but his favorite a lifetime. Weeping may remain for the night, but rejoicing comes in the morning and then verse five. Have you have to take those two parts together and you take just the second half of that. It might very well suggest something wrong.

I suppose that's why that letter half is so popular. Weeping may remain for a night, but rejoicing comes in the morning by itself. I could mean only well in all into each life a little rain must fall sometimes horror every cloud has a silver lining or you gotta take the bad with the good or cheer up things are going to get better or as we have it in our time. Don't worry, be happy. David is saying that the wisdom of the world but David goes beyond that he's talking about the character of God and since he talks about God's anger when he's talking about is the disfavor of God because of our sanity saying something like this. God is displeased by sin. He is always displeased by sin it is nature to be displeased by Cindy's going to judge sin by various people. The judgments are always mitigated by his mercy, which means it's true for Christian people that his anger lasted only a short time while disfavor last forever, so that's quite a different thing than simply a Pollyanna view of life. Now David himself knew that and live by it. And the reason we know that is that there's an incident in his life. When I referred to earlier that might actually be the background of the song was hard to say.

It is, but it illustrates the principle and second Samuel 24 and first Chronicles 21 were told about something David did displease God. They had been fighting the enemy use of the nation on every hand and they had a moment of peace. And David said what I like to do is count the Army. I want to know how many soldiers I have none of it seemed perfectly proper to us where sending soldiers to the Persian Gulf. We keep track of how many around their 200,000 and growing and we want to know how many are there from the other nations. Because we measure the one Army against the other.

That is probably Joab who was the commander of the Army since that that was not right. I was really a case of trusting to the size of the Army, rather than trusting God anymore David. He said that'll displease God. David was the commander insisted that it be done so Joab and the other commanders did. They came back with a report that it did displease God and the profit profit was living in Jerusalem at the time man named Gad came to David with announcement from God is still God's displeasure and judgment and he gave David a choice choice of three judgments.

He said that he could experience three years of famine or secondly three months of being swept away before his enemies. That is, his armies would be defeated for three months or finally three days of playing in the land, while the angel of God was sent to ravage the kingdom was a hard choice how you would have made a choice under the circumstances, but David did something that was very wise.

He chose the latter because he said let me fall into the hands of the Lord for his mercy is very great, but do not let me fall in the hands of man.

You say that is exactly the principle we have here Lord's anger was displayed and displayed just like the gods gave the choice and David said I'd rather be in the hands of God, because I know let me quote Psalm 30 is anger lasted only a moment, but his favor lasts a lifetime, and it proved to be wise because the angel came and began work of devastation in the kingdom. 70,000 people died the first day on the second day that Angel came to Jerusalem and stood at the edge of the city in a threshing floor there called the threshing floor of Arruda and God took mercy on the city and he told the angel to stay his hand one day of judgment you say instead of three. David was so impressed on medication that mercy and grace of God that he bought the field and then he appointed it to be the future site of the temple and the altar of burnt offering were atonement for sin by sacrifice would later be maintenance where Solomon eventually built the temple.

I would suggest that that's what stands behind the song.

One of the commentators. German commentators remove old things that he says that the song for the dedication of the temple when actually have been for the dedication of the site upon which the temple later was to be built and that may well be at any rate, in his judgment that seems to fit the situation quite well now I sent a moment to go that when we're talking about this. Were talking about this favor of God and the character of God, and I pointed out his anger is anger against sin and that anger against sin. Though it's a real anger and effective is mitigated by his mercy. And that's true. But isn't it also true that the principle holds true for Christians, even in the circumstances of life that don't have anything particularly to do with God's judgment is one of the great errors in the Christian life is to see everything either as an expression of favor judgment because of something we personally have not your car gets hit by another car. So you say what I do. This morning did not have my quiet time is eight that is not the way to think you have to keep that in mind, because often we do things that are wrong in God steps in and usually when he does he makes it very clear that he's done what is done because these displease with your active but not everything in life is like that. There are good things and bad things are is sicknesses as well as help. There are accidents that come and I don't have anything to do, particularly with God's favor or disfavor, and yet isn't it also true you found this to be true in your life. If you look back on it that the principle holds that there are bad things God controls them in their limited in the number and duration, and that his favor. Certainly seems to abound and you say is, since almost does again and again God has been gracious to me.

The Lord is good his mercy endures forever.

I'm sure you can. I want to say that there are people Christians. So are called to go through very hard times. We mustn't be blind that what you say to someone who for their testimony is arrested and kept in prison for 30 years you can hardly say at least if you're looking at external things. The good outweighs the bad. Though even in prison.

God can do many many good things to recognize that there are people who go through tough times and what you say about that.

Suppose you have a life that is been one series of calamities after the other. What you see.

For Christians, even there principle holds because our existence is not bound up with this life is giving us the principle over this life we recognize that it goes far beyond that there is an eternity to be considered. You say that far outweighs anything we could possibly.

Now it's hard to feel that going through the difficult times that it is nevertheless true. Sometimes I refer to Harry inside because he had the experience of life had a wonderful way wrapping it in a study of the Bible and he says in his comment on this long that his father died under very painful circumstances it doesn't describe the nature of the illness of the father was suffering a great deal and a friend came and visited him that John York suffering terribly arguing it was her father's testimony is that I am suffering more than I thought it was possible for anyone to suffer and still be alive, but added one side of his blessed face will make up for it all.

You say that is a true perspective for Christians well doesn't understand that the world just cannot understand that all that is just absurd. Those were not believers but not the believers say. For Christians that's a blessed reality and it really is the faith that triumphs over everything. Well I'm giving a sense of contrast I gave those that were found in verses one through three. Here's a new set of uplifting contrasts in verses four and five, God's anger versus God's favor versus rejoicing night versus morning in a moment versus a lifetime to get one warning before I go on, it's true that for God's people, the sufferings of this life are minimized. I really believe that even if their miseries are great here.

I have an eternity of blessing and favor to look forward to that transforms anything, they may endure.

That is not true for unbelievers.

Unbelievers. That is exactly the opposite for unbelievers. There may be a little bit of heaven here. There are what even the Bible calls the pleasures of sin, and some will sell their soul over those pleasures with those pleasures last only for this life and it would be true to say using these verses when applying it to them in a different way. The anger of the Lord in their case will last. Not only a lifetime but forever that's a warning time to discover the grace of God is now because the Bible says is the day of his grace, and yet it warns us that the day of judgment is coming when we come to verse six.

The next section of this at first glance, we sense that this all mistaken. An unexpected turn talk about his sickness.

He is called upon the saints to praise him and thank God in the same way he is doing now suddenly in verse six he seems to be confessing his sin. I felt secure I said I will never be shaken. It's the sin of self-confidence or pride and apparently he's linking that was illness you say.

Well, not surprising why the world should not be found here. Well, it's not surprising when we remember the principle but is just talk about principally stopped about in verse five.

Is this his anger lasts only for a moment, not God's anger is not a capricious anger. God is just sometimes gracious and sometimes angry, and you never know what is going to be because you never know what side of the bed is going to get up on the case that when God God is angry God is angry against sin. David talks about the anger of God that question of sin immediately emerges and David is confessing here, the sin which in this particular case led to his suffering and he's describing it as the sin of self-confidence.

He said I secure, I never going to be shaken by verse alone makes me think that there might be something to this theory that the Psalm is the dedication of the land upon which the temple would be built that emerged as a result of the incident. I referred to earlier because usually what was the purpose of David numbering soldiers tell us what he had in mind back and was Chronicles in the book of Samuel.

But if we read the Psalm in the light of that would see if it's right to link the 20 that it was overconfidence.

He said I don't want the troops. Soldiers soldiers to stand against the Philistines of the Amorites or whoever it may be less, possibly we have enough to fight our enemies see it really was sin of self-confidence. It was the sin of saying we can stand against our enemies by ourselves. We really don't need God.

My suppose Sirs snow.

Sin is more characteristic of the Christian church today than that the common failure among us. Many of us are blessed with wealth, education, and technical skills and as a result of that, we say well we don't need God. We have our wealth in our education or skill. So, as a people individually.

We think we can get by on our hospital. We don't have to prayers the church.

We think we can manage our affairs by secular skills and good accounting management techniques and we don't rely on God as a nation we think we can survive in the strength of our military might attend our industrial production shaking are going to have to be I think is happening already is this great country of ours, which is, the trusted secular bite rather than God. It was trusted in past days is shaken to its roots. I think were going to have to have calamities before will again humble ourselves under the hand of God the last sets of uplifting contrasts is found in verses 11 and 12.

The end where David contrasts wailing when dancing in sackcloth with joy wailing sackcloth describe his confession of sin and they point back to the verses that are immediately before that to see verses nine and 10, which are quoted from the past. The thing was a time when I was praying this way, calling on God for mercy mercy because the sin making this argument would gain as a reminder structured in my going down and thought it was going to die.praise you will it proclaim your faithfulness. Here the Lord to be merciful to me. Oh God, be my help. He was wailing that describes the words themselves and he was at least figuratively leak clothes with sackcloth because that describes the attitude in which the words Robertson sackcloth was dressed he would put on in times of morning and confession of personal transgression well done insurgency God heard that prayer there is God healed him, and as a result of that, you turned my wailing into dancing and you remove my sackcloth and clothed me with joy. There final theft of contract is one more wonder if you've seen it there in verse 12 that my heart makes thing to you, which means life, your praise and not be silent. Was healed blessed by God delivered forgiven from his sin, and yet he recognized that it was possible to have that happen still be silent about it and not really praise God or thank him.

You know that him that was written by Charles Wesley. We thing so often all the thousand tons thing very pious, very nice thought I was and thought thing our great Redeemer play. What would be the use of having a thousand times. If we don't even use the one we have one we have is so often silent that something interesting in Luke 645, he said, out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks were not speaking praise to God is because our heart is and filled with God. We experience his blessings and among them are health of their many others.

Besides, we don't think of God is the source of those blessings. Our hearts are filled with heaven, so we don't praise them instead our hearts are filled with the things of this world things that will perish with the world and passed away that exchange if they do things a little world. Instead of the glory of the eternal God roller lessons in this we've looked at them. Here's the final one. It's in the form of counsel that would come to us from the Psalm of David himself express if he were here he would counsel us to fill our hearts and minds with God is the thing about him.

Think about who is think about what he has done and then when our hearts are overflowing with thoughts about him speak his grace and speak at other people as David is doing in the Psalm. I think if we do that will do that to find two things. First of all, you find that God delights in such praise. As a result to be drawn to him in closer wastes then you had been previously will find that your spiritual life is enriched even as you pray and praise to him and then secondly you will find a gonna use your price. Use it to attract others to win them to Christ. And when that happens as a result, you have even more because rejoicing and you have to write an additional fall of euro (father, we thank you for this long for this simple and direct, honest, caring for the praise from the heart of the great King David, a man with a great heart above all, a man who had a heart for you heart the godliness. Whether we want to learn from and we are not very godly people and we don't think in terms of your presence in our lives or your deliverance.

We need to we need to be taught.

We are here.

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