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September 16, 2021 8:00 am
If our worship comes with a set of stipulations for God been the reality is it's not true worship that all. In fact, total surrender is one of the distinguishing characteristics of the Christian life today on the Bible study our Dr. James Boyce will remind us that embracing the truth of the gospel fills us with joy in our salvation.
Heartfelt praise is simply the natural overflow of a restored life and welcome to the Bible study our radio and Internet broadcast with Dr. James Boyce preparing you to think and act biblically as we prepare to learn from Psalms chapter 9, consider this simple but profound truth will never enjoy God more than when we are praising him. I suppose if you are to ask most churchgoing people to find small they compare it with a hammer and if you would bless them a little bit to ask what kind of a him I have in mind. They speak along the lines of appraiser him in which the psalmist. However, he may have been praises God, I would say perhaps it was also prayer. Many of the Psalms are prayers for chiefly praise him right, of course, because that's what the Psalms really are. I wonder if you've noticed, however, that as we have begun to work through the Psalter. We have not had a strictly praise him until now verse two him serve Psalms or introductory. They initial Psalm spelling out the doctrine of the two ways away the righteous in the way of the wicked. The matter that constitutes the two ways. In the end of the two ways.
Second Psalm has to do with the Messiah and the rebellion of the kings of the earth rulers of the earth against God's anointed and how God is going to establish has established his rule forever and ever. And then there are number of Psalms, beginning with Psalm three in which David talks about different problems that he was facing in his life danger from enemies distress may be physical sickness, and so on any praise to God for deliverance and help and encouragement and all those things that those things are found throughout the Psalms. The only sum up till now that could maybe perhaps be called praise him is Psalm eight.
The song that begins although Lord, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth, but even that had largely to do with the place of man and the created order.
This changes because, toward the end of the Psalter.
Virtually all of that Psalms or Psalms of praise the last five beginning with Psalm 146 begin with the words praise the Lord when they tell you reasons why you should praise and that's what they do is you begin at the beginning and progress through the Psalter as we have done Psalm mine. The first one we've come to that is chiefly praise and I say, chiefly because it falls into two parts, and only the first part, strictly speaking, is price first part contains verses one through 12. It begins with praise and ends with praise and in between the toes. You why psalmist is praising God.
The second part, beginning with verse 13 is really a prayer but it's such a confident prayer that it is possible to say that in that sense, it really is a way of praising God to call this long. Praise the Lord because that is really what it's doing.
Recent technical problems connected with Islam, however, and for the benefit of those who like technical things among talk about it just for a few moments when you behold what I said I had them think technical matters are always that inspirational but for better or for worse. God is a question here, whether Psalm, mine should stand alone or whether Psalm mine really belongs with Psalm 10 say to yourself, well, why should belong with Psalm 10 in my Bible is printed in two separate ways and said matter-of-factly would combine them up and throw off the numbering well. The interesting thing is that in some of the older versions. That's exactly the way the Psalms are handled. Now that there is an Old Testament translation degree, called the Septuagint and in the Septuagint, the classic Greek translation which was known to many of the New Testament figures and even quoted by the apostle Paul quotes from the Septuagint, for example, in his missionary preaching the Greeks, Psalms 9 and 10 are combined and the same thing is true of the Latin Vulgate Latin Vulgate was that basic translation used by the Roman Catholic Church and as a result of lack and some Roman Catholic Bibles.
The numbering of the Psalms differs Psalms the same. Up to this point through soulmate, but install mine they get off track and that numbering is different until you get the Psalm 148 almost to the end variations along the way there places where Psalms are combined in places where Psalms are divided in any way to have a sort of ancient manuscript tradition, you say well what is the justification for that one reason for thinking along that line of those ancient manuscript tradition that fact that the Greek version and the Latin version, combine the Psalms. They must've done it for some reason the second reason why you might want to take them together and that is if you look at Psalm 10 in your Bible you find that it doesn't have an introductory title as the others do is very unusual in this first portion of the Psalter. One of the Psalter Psalms 1 through 41. The first two don't have titles there introductory as I've said that after that you begin to find them. Psalm three says a Psalm of David when he fled from his son Absalom. Psalm four says the director of music and so forth as a title like that in every Psalm in the first book of the Psalter except for one into which are introductory Psalm 10, Psalm 33 and so people noting that said, well, one reason why it might not have a title as it originally Psalms were all one reason why you might want to take these together. It's most interesting of all these Psalms together following acrostic pattern in the poetry no one in acrostic is poem are saying or something that is based upon the letters of the alphabet, so they first section of your poem. If you're writing in acrostic poem would begin with a word starting with a A second section would in the word starting with a B. So on CDN all the way through the alphabet.
We know that's true of other Psalms of the Psalter, the best known of Psalm 119.
It is composed of 22 sections, each section having eight verses in each of those sections of eight versus begins with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet that goes right through from the very beginning starting without you look in that Bible that you have most of us today have find that those divisions are noted and the letter is given, and then it's written there in English. For those of you can identify the Hebrew character is not the only longer number of them wear the same thing is true though shorter sections and eight verses are given over to it.
Psalms 37, 111 112, 119 all have complete alphabets and then there are some that are only partial and Psalm nine attend together partial and is also Psalm 2535 and 145 now the situation is this because it is imperfect, Psalm nine is based upon the first 11 characters of the Hebrew alphabet that half of the alphabet half of the 22, except that they leave out.D. I don't know why. And then in the end. Psalm 10 you have forces that are based upon the second half of the Hebrew alphabet, beginning with the Lambeth is more or less R. L. Block three letters are left out, and that's all and two of them are in the reverse order. I know what that means. That's just part of the joy of being a scholar to kind of sort your way through that type of detail, but you can see why people who love that sort of thing suggests that regional ladies to solve belong together because first 11 letters are introduced sections of the ninth Psalm and the rest are found in chapter 10 it might suggest. My thing is the way it is what it might suggest that there was an original song that had the whole alkyl back point.
It was rework divided into two chains and so forth we find in this form. Anyway, those are the arguments in the side of putting it together are couple arguments on the side of keeping apart as we have here at the most obvious of those is that in the Hebrew Bible is to separate small say well that's to the one Septuagint of the Vulgate, on the one hand, and the Hebrew and the other let's go with the majority now you can do that because the Hebrew is the original original obviously has precedent and whatever the history of the manuscript may have been negative was an original song about God and the other text Hebrew.
When it became canonical song weight is there's this this is probably the most important thing of all, when you study Psalms you find that they deal with two entirely different theme online deals as I've been suggesting with praise praise to God. Psalm 10 really is a lament got it from the very beginning of the Psalm why overlord spam far-off. Why do you hide yourself in time trouble. The psalmist is bothered by the prosperity of the wicked in the way seems to be sick, stressful and dominating those who are less powerful than he, chiefly because of that, that they should be considered as to Psalms in my judgment. At any rate, that's the way I'm going to consider them. I was an interesting write you glad such a thing. Scholarship. Let's talk about the content of the Psalms themselves. First of all, starting the first half. This half which I said deals almost exclusively with praise. I will praise you oh Lord with all my heart I will tell of all your wonders. I will be glad and rejoice in you. I will sing praise to your name all most high will stop right there and think about that because here David Lawrence is praising God and he's singing praises to God, and furthermore, he's doing it wholeheartedly.
One of the sad things about many so-called evangelical churches is that they don't do any one of the three. They don't talk about God speaking is praises to one another or to the world outside. They don't even sing his praises very well as far as doing it wholeheartedly is concerned why. I suppose there are churches where anything is ever said in praise of God. It's done always with the qualification about outspoken at least a qualification in the heart. Here is David doing at and as he does it. He certainly holds it out before us. As an example that's the question. Well, what is he praise God for the three things he praises God for this first half of the Psalm. First of all that God has given them victory over his enemies. And secondly, that God has established his throne for judgments establishing justice in the earth, partially through David's rule. And thirdly, that the Lord is a refuge for the oppressed in times of trouble is significant and they all have great bearing upon David himself and his responsibility as the king of Israel, David. Thank God for giving them victory over his enemies he was saying that God has been be inside me and has upheld me in my task as defender of the people that does the chief magistrate of a nation is required to do. It's a God-given duty ruler the people is responsible for the defense of the people and for establishing justice, which is the next thing he talks about. So David says God has given me victory over my enemies. I'm very thankful for that.
Now I began to think about that in terms of how we might apply at the first thing that occurred to me is that you and I are not in a similar position are not kings or queens. We don't rule and Empire were not responsible for the defense of anybody in any kind of physical sense. Maybe you can apply that portion of the song to a military commander in the Armed Forces in times of war might be able to say God is given me victory over my follows most of us aren't in that position, and so I found myself saying, well, how in the world can we apply this same we have enemies. We are told, are we not in Scripture like to pray for their utter destruction that their name might be blotted out from the earth endless room and might overtake them. Rather, the Lord Jesus Christ said pray for them who persecute you, and despitefully use you, Lord Jesus Christ said turn the other cheek to follow. So how do you apply this sort of thing in our situation, I began to think about that in the occurred to me next that day. One way I know we can apply it is in reference to our great enemy the devil he is our chief enemy. Our spiritual enemy and the Lord Jesus Christ is a cheaper great victory over him Lord said, I saw Satan fall as an angel from heaven, and that victory of our Lord over Satan is a very real one for his people. Satan is active yet, but he's a defeated fall was possible for us to say, as David did in reference to Satan.
My enemies turned back. Satan stumbles and perishes before you. You upheld my right of my cars you sat on your throne judging righteously.
Certainly God has done that for his people.
And that's something we can really rejoice in it.
We don't do, and we don't feel the nature of it is because not all alerts to the fact that were engaged in spiritual warfare rethinking that life is just going on from day to day enjoying things, earning buying as much as you can.
Having a good time but if you recognize were fighting a spiritual battle then you want to be able to say, as David does. I praise the Lord for victory over Satan when I was doing that in preparing it.
That's where I left off. You know I'm not good at multiple applications, one is good enough but I was singing about.
This occurred to me this is another area in which we can apply it. Never heard anybody say of someone else sees his own worst enemy. I'm sure you have may be times people of said that about you.
You have some character trait that stands in the way of everything you do you have a temporary or jealous or whatever it may be in somebody a set of you your your own worst enemy. That's the case what you need is for God to overcome that enemy that is beat down in you that which is hindering your usefulness in Christ service. I want to say that in that respect you and I should not give quarter to the enemy. We shouldn't say well after all. I just sort of turn the other cheek, you shouldn't say, well, all I don't want to think too badly of my follows that your own character that standing in the way when the defeats by thing underlay you want to smash it down one dust off the place where it stood and you want to be able to say is God gives you victory endless rule has overtaken my flow and that flow is that portion of myself that hinders my growth and grace while David is able to say that the second thing that he praises God for as I mentioned in that is that God is established his throne for judgment. Now there is a sense in which, of course, God exercises judgment at the end of days. I believe that Paul and preaching in Athens quoted this and had that in mind that next verse, verse eight says he will judge the world in righteousness, and you recall within that particular sermon. The apostle Paul said God has appointed a day in which he is going to judge the world in righteousness by that one man, Jesus will be is raised from the dead, and at that point they objected to the doctrine of the resurrection of the sermon broke off. I think he was quoting this and he was referring at the last day properly so, because there is a final judgment when David is talking about here. However, they was talking about a present judgment as the context makes clear, will govern the people with justice. That's not a final judgment where judgment is poured out upon the wicked, but it is the establishing of justice upon earth through those righteous rulers of God's appointed David himself was one now I want to say that that is something we can apply must apply because Christians must be concerned with justice of the verse in Micah that says, what does the Lord require of you and he answers it to act justly, love mercy and walk humbly with your God's Old Testament text, but it's a text that applies to Christian people to that is one thing that is to characterize our conduct and behavior in the world.
We are to act justly, ourselves, and in regard to one another.
We are to love justice and pursue it. We are to love mercy, and why we do that were to walk humbly before God because we ourselves are not very just and merciful people of the same things about the evangelical churches that we have often failed in exactly that area go out and talk to people in the world and try to get their impression of Christian people, they would say in each of those categories that we are not only falling short, but are at times perhaps in the majority of cases acting away directly contrary to the text, not humbly appear in the eyes of the world as being quite proud.
We do not love mercy, we are mercy lasts other people. We do not love, justice, or ask for it except insofar as it affects ourselves one of the great criticisms we get from the world is this. If those Christians ever come to power and have a majority. They are going to take away the civil rights of other people. I think there's some substance to that, I hear what some Christian people say I hear the way some of them operate. I would myself. I have them in positions of political power would far rather have a good liberal season. The least is open to the plurality of views and has some concern with justice them what some Christians do, but just want to be like that we are to work for justice. We are to care about justice and above all justice for the other person. Christians of never appeared better in the social arena of the world and when they have been working for justice for other people, especially for those who were oppressed.
Those who were out of their way to do that really bring credibility to faith and where that happens were justice is established, as David says in this case, it has been, and we certainly can praise God we can say thank God our time is works in people, perhaps in Christians, perhaps to others to establish justice because that something about which every Christian should be concerned. The third thing he praises God for is that God is a refuge for the oppressed stronghold in times of trouble and I was David's own personal experience sense in the Psalms whenever he begins to talk about God being a refuge or a stronghold that he saying something that he had lived through and been through for many years, you know, was a long period in his life before he became king in Israel when he was fleeing from Saul's great enemy loyal to Saul. He had two opportunities during those years of killing Saul and taking the throne himself, but he wouldn't do it.
He said he would not lift up his hand against the Lord's anointed. Yet, in spite of the fact that he treated his enemy that way honoring him for the position. The God given and Saul constantly sought his life and David had to flee from place to place and at times it got him down as it naturally would. And he said I keep fleeing from Saul from place to place.
One of these days he's going to get me and is all going to be over. He really did get down yet throughout all that. God defended him and was for him refuge is why he talks about God as being as raucous stronghold, to which he can turn into which he can flay you see because he had done that many times physically in order to get away from Saul and he says that is what God is like to those in the women.
Those who trust him. Those who know your name. He says in verse 10 will trust in you for you, oh Lord, have never forsaken those who seek you and say that you know that your Christian Bible says I will never leave you or forsake you is God himself. Speaking is quoted in the New Testament in the book of Hebrews or Jesus Christ said below I am with you always, even of the end of the day.
You know that you're not living very close to the Lord because he is with you. He said he would be any set man of his word.
You don't know it well, it's only because you're not close to him see in these ways, and perhaps in ways I haven't even thought out, but you will think of yourself as you meditate upon the song we must and should be able to praise God for victory over enemies's establishing justice wherever that happens, and for being a refuge ourselves in times of trouble for never leaving us or forsaking us. David comes to the end of listing these things and he says in verses 11 and 12.
The same thing you said in verses one and two. He praises God, sing praises to the Lord in front and so I am proclaim among the nations. What he is done he avenges blonde remembers he does not ignore the cry of the afflicted began with praise of the ends with praise. In both instances, he combines verbalizing it with singing praises on the God of you ever noticed that in the great periods of church history with the spirit of God is moved in the churches come alive in times of revival of awakening always been a rebirth of him singing in the church is true the time of the Reformation, but only did they recover the gospel. They recovered the joy of their salvation and some Lutheran others were great hymns. We sing them today. The time of the Wesley and revivals in England of the great awakening hear the same thing was true, had people like John and Charles Wesley and John Newton Gustus top lady and others writing great hymns. We sing them still today, we don't have great hymns today.
I don't know great hymns being written.
Number religious songs are being written. Some of them are quite nice. But what we need is a time of real revival where people really praise God in the hymns follow Spurgeon in his comment on Islam as a place which he says something like this is talking to preachers largely members of the congregation and so he says so sing on John and that the glory of God be known in both ways, not the first half of the salt in the second half we deal with a prayer first half is praise to God for past deliverances begins and ends with praise. The second half is a prayer for future deliverance and it begins and ends with prayer. Two things specifically to David praise for verse 13, have mercy. Lift me up from the gates of death, we should never pass over that like legacy. There are things that David says would make us think at times that he is not conscious of his sin speak of his own righteousness. For example, establish me in my righteousness honor me for my righteousness will say things like that. We tend to shy away from that kind of language. So when we come to a phrase like this where we find David saying, have mercy upon me. We have to take that at full value in recognizing that regardless of what David says in the other areas when he stands before God. He always stands before God is a sinner and he knows that he doesn't stand there on the basis of his works are his righteousness, but only as a man looking to God for mercy. So he does it here, have mercy on me.
Oh God, then he ends the latter part of this. He asked God to arise in justice.
Some established justice as he has prayed in the earlier part of the Psalm saying he has already done so.
Confidence in this latter portion of the Saul that it is almost correct: praises well when he says they are in the middle the nations of fallen in the pit they have dug their feet are caught in the net they have hidden he's picking up something that we already saw in Psalm seven, almost the same thing there in verse 15 he who is pregnant with evil digs a hole and scoops it out and he falls into the pit is made.
Now that's what he is saying here saying God is operated in such a way that that happens, there are wicked people.
They look themselves up in their arrogance and pride.
They seem to prosper for a time, but in the end they fall into the pit they themselves.we've seen at a national life is one apparently successful person after another has come crashing down one of the great examples of that is in the Old Testament.
It happened after David's times a day. We did know about it. It's a very powerful example centuries after David's rule. The people carried off to Babylon time of the Babylonian captivity while they were living there under King Xerxes man was an enemy of the Jews.
His name was Heyman came close to the king in power and bias stratagem arranged for King Xerxes to pass a law that set on a certain day. All of the Jews living throughout Persia would be killed another property confiscated that rule was passed in secret to those in a position to enforce and it came to the attention of Mordechai was a Jew and who attended upon the palace. What Heyman did not know is that Mordechai's charge a woman named Esther had become queen Xerxes and that she therefore was a Jewish so when the knowledge of what was about to happen came to Mordechai. Mordechai approached S3 Esther to intercede with the king. She did the risk of her own life very bravely and that stratagem was uncovered that law was reversed.
Jews were permitted to defend themselves, so it didn't come off. The interesting thing is that Heyman was punished. Heyman at one point in the story build a gallows on which you plan to hang Mordechai or the guy was as animated. Julie didn't like it is a great case of anti-Semitism, hang them when the plot was uncovered in Heyman's wickedness became known turned out that Heyman was signed up on the gallows that he himself had built an exact case you see what David is describing here and that does happen again and again in human life was one more thing I'd like you to see and it's something I like to close with you go back to verse 13 you'll find David praying for mercy, have mercy. Lift me up from the gates of death, I will ask the question why does he pray for mercy. Is it that he might escape hell would be good reason for asking God to be merciful. Of course, is it that having found mercy from God. He might be able to show mercy to others. That is course would also be valuable is it that he might be able to live a holy life that two would be valuable, but that is not what he says, have mercy, and lift me up from the gates of death. He says in order that I may declare your praises and the gates of the daughter of Zion that is in Jerusalem and their rejoice in your salvation is desire to be delivered in order that he might raise God ask the question what is the chief end of man man's chief end is to glorify God and to enjoy him forever.
That's what the Psalm saying you see that's why prayer is so important. Enjoy God and glorify him.
The two go together.
You see, we never enjoy God so much as we were praising him often what were doing is criticizing and we don't enjoy them at all.
When we praise and we really do come to know him and enjoy him and that is the great privilege of the people of God, let us pray our father, we thank you for the choice of salvation. Sometimes we have times of struggle and were not very much aware of them. We just feel burdened down by the battle that were facing, and sometimes the work seems harder we get burdened by that and yet here as we study a Psalm like this one.
Among the other storms also talk about the other moods and problems. We are reminded that there are also those times where as we come into your presence and sing your praises. We are so overcome, and filled with a sense of beauty and joy and holiness that we really do rejoice in you and enjoy you, even as we praise your name and we know to that as we praise you, we find ourselves moving out of the despondent mood in which we may or time have been held in coming into a new measure of joy which you desire for your people so bless us. To that end make this week ahead for us that very joyful week give us opportunity day by day many situations to praise you for your goodness, give us opportunities to glorify the Lord Jesus Christ, amen.
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