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The Burial of Jesus Christ

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice
The Truth Network Radio
May 14, 2021 8:00 am

The Burial of Jesus Christ

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice

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May 14, 2021 8:00 am

The tomb was sealed; the guards were posted; the barricades were placed. Both the chief priests and Pharisees were determined that there would be no resurrection of the dead man Jesus. We study the life, death, and resurrection of Christ - but why not the burial? Does it hold meaning for us? Dr. James Boice will take us, as keen observers, to the burial of Christ

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The tomb was sealed. The guards were posted. The barricades were placed both the chief priests and Pharisees were determined there would be no resurrection of the dead man, Jesus coming up on the Bible study our Dr. James Boyce will take us as keen observers to the burial of Christ.

Welcome to the Bible study our radio and Internet broadcast with Dr. James Boyce preparing you to think and act biblically, we study the life, death and resurrection of Christ. Why not the burial doesn't hold meaning for us. Listen today as Dr. Boyce explains rich themes that surround Christ burial from Matthew 27 coming today to the second of the eight core doctrines of Christianity, that the apostle Paul highlights and has some array found in first Corinthians 15, Paul writes in verses 3 to 5 of that chapter I received and passed on to you as of first importance, Christ died for our sins according to the Scripture was married. He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Peter and then to the 12 matter of the burial the second of those three key doctrines occupies a significant place in each of the Gospels you find 10 versus being given to it in Matthew six verses in Mark six and Luke and five and John, yet we don't think of the burial of Jesus Christ very much. Why is that, do you suppose I guess there's a natural reason for rent. We focus quite obviously on the death of Jesus Christ for our sin because it was his atonement that procured our salvation and then having thought about that we pass on quite naturally to the resurrection which is Christ, victory over sin and death. We don't think much about the burial, resurrection, of course, has all kinds of consequences might regard it as evidence proving certain great facts of the mission faith. One thing it shows that the God of the Old Testament, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is the true God because that was the God about whom Jesus taught and he said that that God be the one that would raise him from the dead resurrection of Jesus Christ also shows a Jesus is who we claim to be claim to be some of that God. Full DNA and if that were not true. It was blasphemy can imagine God raising him from the dead to vindicate a blasphemous claim. So resurrection establishes that great fact of theology. It shows a Christ death on the cross was adequate and accepted in the sight of God for our sin was the resurrection was God's seal upon the atonement shows that there is life beyond the grave. It shows that we can have victory over sin when were joined to the wind rose victorious and other things besides yet we look to the burial in the same well now why is that so important well are number of reasons. One of them is obvious.

Second one weekend discover if we just look at passages in the Bible that had to do with it. Third one is so obvious is theological. Evidently just go through each one.

First of all the obvious reason for the burial as it approves of Jesus Christ was really dead. We hadn't really died, which is what some rationalists the beginning of the century were saying well and none of this really means anything they were saying Jesus only seemed to have died. It was hanging on the cross he fainted or swooned them down. They put them in to me revived in the cold air of the two men came out. To his disciples and convince them that he had accomplished the resurrection. That of course is preposterous in itself, a man who was barely recovering from a crucifixion certainly wouldn't convince anybody that he had any power to do anything but that's the way rationalism went in those days, yet when you read the story and take the burial in the lookout, particularly the details were associated with that is no doubt at all that he was dead. One thing the centurions certified. It went out to break the legs of those who were crucified to hasten their death. They do that with the thieves and not died yet. But Jesus seem to be dead just to make sure it was the centurions stuck the spirit which side of the pericardium blood and water came forth. John witness to that.

It certainly penetrated particular part of the body and so the centurion who have anybody on a no other man was alive or dead are not certified completion of the execution that he was taken down by Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea wanted to talk about Joseph of Arimathea little bit later they were members of the Sanhedrin were upstanding men men the judgment and if anybody would've known whether he was better not. Certainly, they would've but they took the body that rapid and spices. They placed it in the tomb than a sealant with a large stone work for all of those things. It might've been possible for skeptics to argue that he hadn't really died, but given the details of the death and the burial. That's an impossible explanation of the burial of Jesus assures us Jesus resurrection was a real resurrection, and secondly, the details of the burial fulfilled Scripture that's the point I said that you could find if you'd carefully through various passages of the Bible, particularly the Old Testament. The obvious passage here is Isaiah 53, nine Isaiah 53 is that great chapter tells about the suffering of the righteous one set chapter which more than any other chapter of the Old Testament lays out what it is to have a vicarious atonement one dying on behalf of another. The innocent for the guilty. Then in verse nine, Isaiah wrote this, he was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death. We had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth. Matthew doesn't call attention to that verse lower earlier in the gospel he had been quoting lots of verses from the Old Testament to show the Jesus Christ that fulfilled them. Even in the same chapter refers to a number of other verses that he says were fulfilled. John does that. He refers to Psalm 2218 chapter 19 of John's Gospel Psalm 6921 in verse 28 Exodus 1226 and so forth. But Matthew doesn't refer to this great passage and yet I suspect that he had in mind reason I say he probably hadn't in mind is that he emphasizes a Joseph of Arimathea it was a rich man is the only one of the gospel writers that does that enriches the keyword in Isaiah 53, nine, was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death. So here you have a fulfillment of prophecy appointed is less obvious because it's theological and even sometimes hard to understand. Is this burial has theological significance that begins to emerge.

When we look at passages of the Old Testament, the talk about the great grave is not talking about in triumphant ways of the Old Testament.

It's actually approached with grant like Genesis 37, 35 in morning. Will I go down to the gray second Samuel 22 six that cords of the grave coiled around me word is often translated grave. It's translated that way in the verses I just read, but in the Hebrew text. It's actually the worksheet goal which has overtones of hell comes out and saw him hundred and 60 verse three which talks about the anguish of the brain is really the anguish of hell at the psalmist is talking about order Job 1021 he calls it the land of gloom and deep shadow say that Jesus was buried, or to use biblical terminology that he went down to the grave is to say not only that he died but that he descended as low as he could go in order to raise us up to heaven and for Herman Ritter, boss roach, Jesus endured not only pain-and-suffering and the curse of death, but even the terror of the grave so that he could save his people from this forever and that's what he's done. Experience death, but for the believer death has lost its terrorist lost its sting through Jesus resurrection net there's more in Romans, Paul speaks of Christians having been buried with Jesus in his death. Is there buried with him in race with him in his resurrection he does it well. He is discussing the Christian life means explaining why believers can't continue in sin six chapter verse four we were buried with him through baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the father, we too may live a new life now and theologians begin to work out those parallels they don't have any difficulty showing how we have died with Christ died for us. Arson was punished on the cross.

It's as if we were with him in his death and we don't have any trouble talking about how we are with him in his resurrection, because as he is raised so we have been raised to life, and so forth. But the legends did have some trouble trying to work out parallels to Jesus. Burial what is the significance of that and because were asking the question on the basis of the emphasis that Paul gives in first Corinthians 15 why is it so emphasized. I would suggest that the reason burial is emphasizes this is an important step even beyond death because it puts the deceased person out of this world permanently courses dead to life, but there is a sense in which you can say it still with us as long as it remains unburied.

Once the body is buried, covered with earth it's removed from the sphere of this life permanently. Now I think that's what Paul is trying to say wants to emphasize the finality of our being removed from the rule of sin and death to the world of Christ, and so he stresses this burial needs repeating the also intensifying what he said about our death. This in early Ares I get not only do I do it you been buried to it. So go back to sin once you been joined to Christ is like digging up a dead body. I don't think the gospel writers had that in mind, they recorded the burial as a fact of history but guided by the Holy Spirit. They were laying down is a detail of history by Paul. In particular, would later unfold in terms of its theological significance. So far for the burial was Matthew tells the story. This burial of Jesus was arranged by Joseph of Arimathea I said I was going to come back to him in a moment.

I also mentioned that Matthew calls him a rich man. He went to Pilate asked that the body be given to it. Matthew also calls him a disciple of Jesus.

Mark and Luke say he was a member of the Council must mean the Sanhedrin so this was an important man, a man of distinction, Mark says that he was waiting for the kingdom of God.

It was a godly man. It wasn't just a politician, as many of these men were, and Luke as he was a good and upright man who would not consented to their decision and action John alone reports that he was assisted in this work by Nicodemus who brought the spices.

Now the Romans did not normally permit a crucified person, particularly a traitor is what Jesus had been executed for to be buried very fact that Pilate consented to this request by Joseph of Arimathea and gave him the body to bury in his new tomb shows that he must've had some means of approaching pilots and it must also at the same time be a testimony to his courage. Now it's this is the first and only time that we hear of Joseph of Arimathea he hasn't been mentioned before in the Gospels's name never appears again after this event, yet it is very moment when Christ's other disciples and scattered order like Peter and John and followed. But the great distance, and when Peter most outspoken of all the disciples actually denied Jesus. This man otherwise unknown came forward boldly to identify with the many did it a great personal cost because you can't help but think he was a member of the Sanhedrin who had combined in order to get Jesus executed and do it unjustly gone out as Joseph did order to show respect to the body at the end that he would have any future without rather aggressive audience clear as we say would've been ruined by that had any use for it once he identified with the one who would been there enemy answers questions might not be the case if there are many people like Joseph in our day.

Many were known by the Lord who know him but are not known to us. Yet in quiet ways ways unknown DOS are actually identifying with Christ and standing for him in critical moments. We should be encouraged by that, I think we should remind ourselves as I'm sure we have a right to do on the basis of Scripture that there are always the 7000 would not bow down their need to bail well and Pilate consented to the crucifixion, washed his hands of any must've thought that he was done with his business forever.

But unfortunately I didn't happen. First of all, there was this man Joseph.

Joseph came asking for the body all right take the body of Barry at Violet must've said and then he must've said well now I'm done with it and what you know pretty soon you have these irritating Jewish leaders. They come back again. This time they are asking that the guard be placed around the two until the third day they say list is disciples come and steal the body until the people that he been raised from the dead that interesting. It's there in verse 64. Their fear of what they call this last deception as well as their mention of the third day shows that they understood Jesus words about tearing down the temple and raising a again on the third day as being a prophecy of his resurrection was the point I tried to bring up in the trial. They couldn't prove that he actually said it because they couldn't get the right witnesses to agree that late hour in the middle of the night they inherited what he meant that he been talking about his resurrection and talking about that physical temple made of stones. He was talking about his body are afraid now you see that some kind of deceptions going to come in. I think Violet may have been irritated by their intrusion, but any must've been amused by it to. They were asking for soldiers to guard the tomb some debate among scholars whether he actually gave the Roman soldiers to guard the tomb or not.

I think he did. I think what he said text literally says you have a guard what he means is they had the temple guard and the Roman soldier stability said take it go seal the two auto I care like that tomb as secure as you know how is what he told him I think he said that with amusement and at the same time also with scorn Goody of Maxwell Matthew Henry suggests he could've made one of two things. Either he was laughing at the leaders of their folly.

Imagine setting a watch of soldiers regarding dead man. More likely was blocking their fears was as if he was saying. Do your worst.

Try your wit and your strength of the utmost. But if he actually is from God, he will rise again in spite all your guards is what Charles Spurgeon thought the words meant. He seems to have laughed himself as he described the priest begging Pilate to do what he could to prevent the rising of their victim well chief priests and the Pharisees explained their fear that his disciples might come and steal the body, but that's probably not what they were afraid of one thing the disciples really work, fearing the doubts religious leaders may have had on that score, that somehow this little band was going to rise up and take arms or something would've been quickly disabused when at the time of the arrest. They scatter they all ran back over the Mount of olives to Bethany, where they thought they would be safe. Only Peter and John actually made it into the city, and Peter denied his Lord's eyes if the priest had actually feared what the disciples might do it been very hard for them just to round up the disciples had their guard. They could've done that easily. My judgment when they're talking shows what they actually feared was the resurrection men were not imperceptibly been watching Jesus for the better part of three years they'd seen them do miracles at the beginning. They tried to deny the miracles. What is he kept on doing them. The miracles were undeniable. And finally, all I can say well yes it's true is doing miracles.

But he's doing it by the power of the devil in just a week before this actually raise Lazarus from the dead, and that in Bethany, which was just a very short walk from Jerusalem, so that was no denying that he had supernatural power plants. He had said that he was going to rise again this amazing, obviously powerful teacher had prophesied that although they do their work supporting them to death, and that under terrible circumstances.

Third day he would conquer death and rise from it. They must've been saying to themselves could not actually be possible. This afraid the one who raise Lazarus from the dead might actually conquer death and shatter their small religious world forever. So what are they going to do when they did what they could seal the tomb a set there guards. They rolled the stone across the opening, who would dare to break their seals setting himself against the United spiritual and political powers of their world. They also posted guards drawn probably from the same: soldiers of the God of the garden to arrest Jesus. Earlier man they work Jewish guards of anyone could be trusted.

It was that God was that everything was in orderly hours and days rolled on, everything seemed to be well then suddenly was a violent earthquake and angel of the Lord came down from heaven and going to the tomb, rolled back the stone and sat on it.

His appearance was like lightning, and his close was white as snow guards were so afraid of them, that they struck and became like dead men.

In this manner. Seal was broken tomb was shown to be empty. Jesus was no longer there was risen exactly as he said the rule of the priests was broken and Christianity began its triumphant expansion in the world. Go make the tomb as secure as you know how what Pilate told how can anyone secure anything against the shattering power of Jesus resurrection years after Jesus resurrection was a young rabbi who came to some prominence. He studied under Gamaliel. He had achieved stature there in the Jewish court among the Pharisees of every sect that had been instrumental in putting Jesus to death Christianity hadn't died out after Jesus resurrection as I thought it would. This young rabbi Saul decided to stamp it out forcefully so he moved against the Christians in Jerusalem. The arrested, some of them. He had at least one killed. His name was Stephen then not satisfied with his work in Jerusalem because he heard that this movement was spreading even as far as Damascus. He got letters from the high priest to go to Damascus and if he found any Christians there arrest them to bring them back to Jerusalem for trial. Saul was in the company of those who had tried to secure the tomb of Jesus. Years before he was trying to secure two things. First, he was trying to secure Judaism from the vitality of the Nazarene sector.

Some called it then he considered Christianity to be a heresy Jesus to be a blasphemer, a child of Satan by arresting Christians he hoped to destroy it and so secure his own religion something else. He was trying to secure, and that was himself.

Because later, he confessed that he had been trying it says in acts 26 verse 14 to kick against goats like an animal fighting against a writer that's trying to product to get it to move in a certain direction when it meant that although Saul was fighting Christianity with zeal at the same time he was fighting it even more intense struggle in his own heart and is outwardly away. Even the been explained by that inward struggle he had given his life to Judaism is with us his own identity, and so we considered himself the biggest what was important in all of life. But suppose the Christians were actually right. Most Jesus really was the son of God. Suppose he really was the Messiah and that is definitely was a vicarious atonement person.

Suppose Jesus really can't risen from the dead.

Couldn't think about that, but that's okay was on with the work on word in this great war against the Christian's turbulent state of mind. Saul was making his way northward to Damascus when suddenly a bright light flashed about.

He felt blinded to the ground. I heard a voice from heaven. The voice from heaven said, Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me, which he replied who are you, Lord shows by his answer that he sensed what was coming and the answer was this, I am Jesus you are persecuted.

Now get up and go into the city and you will be told what you should do the dead Saul who, after this was known as Paul got up and into the city on by the disciple's name was Ananias to confirm them in the face and tell them God's call to world evangelism and so this dreaded persecutor of the Christians became the infant churches first missionary tried to make himself secure against Jesus but suddenly there was that bright light. Jesus was speaking and resurrection became an undeniable reality for Saul and me ask a question to make this personal.

Have you been confronted by the power of Jesus resurrection are you still trying to make your life secure against Jesus may be a part of the gospel, but you been trying to keep Jesus politely in his place when one year. The Jesus isn't that easily contained. You can push them down.

The new crop up again. You can banish them from your thoughts, but he has an uncanny way of appearing when you least expect it. What are you going to do against the power of the one so many people throughout the world call Lord, how are you going to make yourself secure against Jesus suggests what you can do you can start with activity. Shouldn't be too difficult and are very busy times are world seems to be preoccupied with activity and even reports.

Those were busiest in your busy enough you won't have time to think about Jesus of idle time schedule your hours take a class in a foreign language or computers are aerobic or art or anything else that you can think of, and you won't have to go to a Bible study. Christians invite you to come back to church.

You can say you're too busy fill your evenings with television so you won't have time to read your Bible something else you can do you can fill your life with sin since pleasures Jesus the holy wanted some sinless son of God, that you keep your from Memphis to your life of all evil pleasures of the world are many.

Your life as secure as you can against Jesus mature than the work that there's one more thing you can do you can get with religious take this path, I suggest that you don't learn too much about Christianity what you should do instead is to sink yourself into ceremony two things, not because they're meaningful you might have to think about their meaning, but the poor tradition say for mere aesthetics that might help make your life as secure as you can against religion. Attach your seat guards your barricades.

I'm afraid it won't be enough. Jesus is broken seals before he is scattered countless guards will you do when the light burst forth from heaven Jesus the son of God addresses you, what will you do when the grave springs open and Jesus confronts you all is resurrection.

Splendor play what I would do. I would stop fighting altogether. I'd lay down my seals. My stones disperse my guards and abandon my sentence fall before them and confessing my Savior and my Lord as Thomas did. When the appeared to Thomas after the resurrection. He said my Lord and my you do that Jesus will make you his manufacture. B has already then he'll tell you what you should be doing for him, and there are things to do but spread her father.

We think about power of our Lord held as it were by the strongest bands that we know merely the seals the grave in the stone but bands of death itself.

Yet he the Lord of glory, the giver of life, the one who is the truth and the life himself. Verse as he is done again and again throughout history of the lives of countless people who have tried to set up barricades for the relook to you to do it in this hour minds and hearts of those to whom your Holy Spirit is been speaking by that same power and grace brought even a persecutor like Paul out of his segment of the fellowship of the saints to do the same with them. The praise of the glory of your great grace. A man you are listening to Bible study hours with the Bible teaching of Dr. James Boyce listener supported ministry of the alliance of confessing Evangelicals. The alliance exists to promote a biblical understanding and worldview.

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