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The Parable of the Wedding Banquet

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice
The Truth Network Radio
April 16, 2021 8:00 am

The Parable of the Wedding Banquet

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice

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April 16, 2021 8:00 am

Jesus had a fascinating habit of sharing deep truths through simple stories. In a parable of a generous king and an extravagant wedding feast, we’ll learn about the flimsy excuses that kept the guests from attending what would have been the best event of their lives! And, of course, it all has Gospel significance.


Jesus had a fascinating habit of sharing deep truths through simple stories in a parable of the generous king in an extravagant wedding feast will learn about the flimsy excuses that kept the guests from attending what would've been the best event of their lives. And of course it all has gospel significance. Find out how long this broadcast of the Bible study hours with Dr. James Boyce to the Bible study our radio and Internet broadcast with Dr. James Boyce preparing you to think and act likely receiving a wedding invitation is usually considered a great honor. Unless of course you have hostile feelings toward the host. Let's listen together as Dr. Boyce teaches from Matthew chapter 22. Over the course of time, as we've been studying Matthew's gospel recalled a lot of the parables close to the stories told by Jesus that are intended to make one or perhaps a few powerful spiritual points, and I have pointed out, as we've dealt with him that there are often difficulties knowing how to interpret them. That was true. For example, some of the parables of the kingdom in Matthew 13.

Some are obvious. Jesus explains what others are not so obviously doesn't explain them. Commentators have wondered exactly what they mean. Ever since now the difficulty does not exist with these parables that occur in Matthew 21 and 22 parable of the two sons the parable of the tenants in the parable of the wedding banquet above all the parable of his wedding banquet. It's very, very clear. It speaks of God's gracious invitation in the gospel of the refusal of last numbers of people to comment how some do, who are eventually called by God and in very clear language and also speaks of the destiny of those were lost because here from the lips of the Lord. We learn something about what it is to perish and help this parable occurs in more than one place. It's also found in Luke's gospel in the 14th chapter.

For my life. That is the longest version is in Matthew Bob Luke adds a few interesting details that we can pick up as we go along on sink of the story itself.

It begins with a certain King who had prepared a wedding banquet for his son Mason servants, those who had already received an invitation to the wedding when it should take place.

Tell them that everything was now ready.

The food was prepared and they should, but they refused to do it. Refusal was a great insult to the king of course ran to his son with the king was patient and so he sent other servants and they repeated the invitation. He said tell those who had been invited that I have prepared my dinner.

My oxen confided cattle of been butchered. Everything is ready come to the banquet, but they refused to calm even with that second invitation. And now those that had been invited to not only ignore the invitation, which is what they had done the first time Laban mistreated the messengers and killed some of them and so the king sent an army to destroy them, and after that he invited others.

Now the thing that makes that parable so easy to understand it is that each of those elements is already been explained in other places. You can hardly miss it if you are familiar with the Gospels of all the king of course is gaunt, sitting on the throne of the universe. Son Sue son the Lord Jesus Christ.

The messengers are the profits of the early preachers of the gospel in the banquet to use later terminology is the great marriage supper of the Lamb to Take Pl. in Harbin at the last day were those to whom gospel invitation first came well first of all, it was the Jewish those who eventually came to the banquet where the Gentiles is what John says in the first chapter of his gospel, explaining how that happened.

He said that he came to that which was his own meaning.

Jesus coming to his own people, but his own did not receive him, yet Walter did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God. That was a great problem in the early days of the Christian preaching this parable has to be applied in broader ways as well, because the gospel is preached today and people refuse it, and are not Jews, but in the early days. This was a problem because the Jews obviously had been God's privileged people in that they had received many many blessings all in the ninth chapter of Romans at the very beginning, raises the question whether any advantages to being a Jew and he says oh yes, in every way. And yet the gospel was preached, and even before that when Jesus himself appeared.

He was rejected by his own people is why a lot of the parables talk about this in one way or another character of the older son of the parable of the prodigal is one he represents Israel so to the workers in the vineyard were hired early, but were paid the same wages, those who came late, so does the fire assay of the story of the Pharisee and the tax collector of these stories explore the thinking of those who suppose because they had advantages because they had as they thought labored in the vineyard of the Lord from the beginning and had been faithful unlike others who had not had those advantages and had not labored and were lost in paganism because of their understanding of what they had done were resentful when the grace of God was shown to people they considered less worthy.

What is unique about this particular parable is the willful refusal of those were invited that they couldn't comments that they wouldn't, reason for their refusal wasn't spelled out in Matthew, but it is suggested by the way the servants were treated but were told us that these people sees the servants, mistreated them and killed them well. Of the invited guests felt that way toward the severance is obvious they feel that way toward the King who was sent to servants and that they would have seized him and mistreated him and killed him if they could have done it other words, they wouldn't come because actually despise the king were hostile to them. Those of Christ. David bitterly resented this portrayal of them, but resented or not that's exactly the way they were behaving as Jesus pointed out on many occasions they had killed the prophets. They were going to show in a very short time that they despise the king by killing his son, namely the Lord Jesus himself now Jesus is going to spell that out in Matthew 23. I said that one thing that makes it so easy to understand is that the elements of it are explained so carefully elsewhere. And certainly this is explained in the following chapter.

There, Jesus is pronouncing what was on the same people is what he says. He says woe to you, teachers of the law on the Pharisees, you hypocrite. You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves of the righteous, and you say if we had lived in the days of our forefathers. We wouldn't have taken part with them in the shedding of the blood of the prophets testify against yourselves that you are the descendents of those who murdered the prophets lesson. I am sending you prophets and wise men and teachers. Some of them you will kill and crucify others you will flog in your synagogues and pursue from time to time, and so upon. You will come all the righteous blood that has been shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the son of Barakat and whom you murdered between the temple and the older men. This all Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who killed the prophets and stone those sent to you how often I have longed to gather your children together as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing. We know that at the last these rebellious rulers show their hatred to the king by killing Jesus Stephen Senate when he was put on trial record is in the seventh chapter of acts he's before the Sanhedrin and he directs it to them.

This why was there ever a prophet your fathers did not persecute. They even killed those who predicted the coming of the righteous one now you have betrayed and murdered him you have received the law that was put into effect through angels and have not obeyed it was true that in our day were not so inclined to murder prophets.

For one thing, we don't have very many of them. We certainly despise because people generally king who sends his messengers pointed out when we were studying an earlier parable that it's Jonathan Edwards probably the greatest theologian that America ever produced, wrote an essay once entitled men are naturally God's enemies and he explained why it is that we hate the king show it in different ways in different times but the animosity is the same at all times in unregenerate people we hate the king because these came is the kingdom is the sovereign rather than ourselves, hold drift of humanity is to make kings of ourselves we want to rule our own lives with God telling us what to do and if that weren't enough that we didn't hate him because he was sovereign.

We would hate them, certainly because he is righteous because it is a moral God because he is holy because were not to go our own way.

When we excuse our own conduct one God telling us what we do is wrong and that were not bad enough we hate God because he is omniscient.

That is because he knows as we can hide from and it would be all right therapy would forget would be all right knows all things. He knows our hearts and moreover, in addition to all that God doesn't change in any of those other attributes not only as a sovereign is always going to be sovereign only as a holy is always going to be holy. Not only is he omniscient is always going to be omniscient is nothing we can do about it.

We hate them for that. Because what we really wish is that we were gone, ourselves, now that's the way we operate. I say we don't kill prophets today. There are many prophets around the be killed was a lot of scorn poured upon those short his messengers in the sense that they're the ones who preach the gospel, Charles Spurgeon preached a lot of sermons on this parable during the course of his long ministry and he was touched by this. He said in one place the same class of people will be found today often among the children of godly parents dedicated from their birth prayed for by loving piety, listening to the gospel from their childhood. And yet, on the same we look for these to come to Jesus naturally hope that the feast upon the provisions of his grace, like their parents will rejoice in Christ. Often it seems they will not call preacher may be to rhetorical out letter plain speaking person be tried. He may be too weighty and another come with parables and anecdotes. Lastly, some of you thing wanted is not a new voice but in two parts. You would listen.

No better do a new messenger than the old one, but one thing the parable tells us is that they began to make excuses people do that today. Luke's version, which is a bit more elaborate. At this point we read some of the things I sent the first said I just want to feel I have to go and see it. Please excuse me another one set I just bought five yoke of oxen.

I'm on my way to try them out. Please excuse me another one so I just got married so I can come. Each of those excuses is trifling and that's the point. Jesus tells it's not a case of a man being on his deathbed so we can get out of bed, unable to move.

It's not a case of a woman being Told by a violent oppressive husband of a man bought a field, a reason why you have to pick that particular day to go see it, or man about the oxen have to try them out then and as far as marriages concerns the think that the bride of a new husband would be welcome.

If the husband had been invited to the banquet. All of them are trivial, and moreover, all of them and had advance warning of the invitation that was coming because that's the way the story is expressed both versions of the parable Jesus speaks of an invitation already been sent to those who were invited. Once excuse for the gastro fails to arrange their schedules accordingly.

So people reject the gospel today will equally flimsy excuses.

I say they're too busy about spiritual things.

I have fields or patients to attend to lower on the market is volatile have to be giving attention to that all the time. Spurgeon in one place.

I mentioned earlier, tells the story of a shipowner was visited by a godly man. The Christian starts are is the state of your soul shipowner said that I have no time to take care of my soul. I have enough to do to take care of my ships. Spurgeon pointed out that he had enough time to die, which he did about a week later without having dealt with things that are eternal in the first lesson of this parable as the form of a warning and a question Do you fit that pattern or you are interested in your good credit and you are in Christ you have more time to read the stock quotations and to read the Bible you don't have to murder a prophet to miss out all you have to do is fritter away your time on things that will eventually pass away. Let your opportunity slip by, failed to repent and believe in so parish without Christ is only part of the second part has to do with those who do, read about those who despise the king it wouldn't, but in the second half kidding it was not going to be defeated sends out to the street corners to invite everyone that he can find in Lucas spells out that these came from the lower ranks of life.

14 go out quickly into the streets and alleys of the town bring in the poor, the crippled, blind and the lame go out to the roads in the country lanes and make them come in so that my house will be full seems an extraordinary thing for the kingdom of Don but when you think of it in terms of the gospel you think this is God calling sinners to salvation. It's inevitable. Everybody is unworthy.

Jesus calls him anyway. When asked questions like this. Is it possible that God, the King of the universe can be dishonored by having no one at the banquet supper of his son.

We might ask in the Almighty God be defeated disappointed in the work of Jesus Christ, be ineffective and he died in vain. He risen and by asking questions like that is to answer them. Of course, not God's not going to be defeated. Satan would've triumphed. If that was the case, God must be honored. Jesus must be effective in his saving work and so God sees that those he wants will, Jesus himself said all that the father gives me will come to million.

Whoever comes to me I will never drive away. We might think at that point but look by going out and getting all these people from lower classes of life disadvantage and so forth this in the kingdom dishonored by that I mean here you is the king. Here's a great big wedding banquet for his son may be more honored all of the nobles would come. Well, it's not the way God thinks is a matter fact he spells it out clearly because you'll recall that Paul when he was writing to the Corinthians pointed out to them that they were not of the noble classes of the mighty, he said, look, it's just the Opposite Way, God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong.

He chose the lofty lowly things of the world and the despised things and the things that are not nullify the things that are so that no one may boast before him, God dishonored in that way now. On the contrary, he is highly honored Spurgeon asked why there was greater honor to the king by this arrangement and answered this way the persons who came to the wedding were more grateful than the first two were invited might have been if they had come said these people that came from good families were privileged perhaps the nobles and the kingdom of plenty date faith that have a banquet anytime they wanted they might have said that they were despising the king even that they had come. Thanks for nothing. Our food is as good and we can have a party like this anytime we want. But not those who were the outcast of the poor. They were delightedly with said something like is been a long time since I've sat down to a feast like this I say, God save the King praise him and so he was more highly honored because of that, Spurgeon suggested, secondly, that the joy that day was much more express than it would've been if the other said, they would've come in rather formally and sat down rather stiffly about this bunch of rabble from the streets they were delighted to be there, they would've been joking and laughing and having the time of their lives and so the joy was more evidence in the third thing. The occasion became much more famous than it would otherwise have benefited gone on in the usual way. It would've been only one among many such things, but this loyal bike with this banquet on the client was on parallel to gather in poor man from off the streets laboring man of idle men mad men and good men to the wedding of the Crown Prince why that was a new thing under the sun, and everybody talked about it.

Spurgeon applied that by saying when the Lord save some of us by his grace. It was no common events, and so we will never leave off praising his name throughout eternity is ultimately nothing will ever really dishonor God. People tried to dishonored unbelievers despise them, are often quite vocal about it but theirs is not the last word there spikes will be overcome by God's good, and the praise of the redeemed will drown out the cries of the impenitent now at this point, the parable seems to be over, but it actually isn't.

We read about those of one, we've read about those who were compelled the comet were rejoicing at the banquet. You would think it would stop at that point. Instead, we get a warning and that some much needed warning because it has to do with this man that was there but he was not dressed in the wedding garment etc. needed warning, because there's a kind of inverse pride sometimes goes along with the disadvantage, I might say imagining that because they're not rich or famous or powerful but rather poor and unknown and weak. Therefore, they deserve the king's bounty, and they therefore want to appear before him in their own character while Jesus was exposing match when he showed how the manager came to the feast without a garment was immediately confronted by the king and then was thrown outside into the darkness where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth, it's not hard to understand either you say to yourself, what is wedding garment is only one possible answer is the righteousness of Jesus Christ. What else could it be righteousness perfect righteousness that's provided freely by God, the wall of repentance and trust in Jesus Christ as Lord for their salvation. Zinzendorf wrote about it in the him it was translated by John Wesley makes it very clear he goes like this, Jesus by blood and righteousness by beauty or by glorious stress inflaming worlds with these arrayed with joy. Shall I lift up my head were clothes in Christ righteousness will be able to stand before God and rejoice in our salvation, but only ever so close were not clothed in Christ righteousness will be speechless before him and will be cast out.

Very interested in that particular phrase that this man was speechless. It's there in verse 12 master asked the question, friend, how did you get in here without any wedding close since the man was speechless. Reason I find that interesting is because of the way. One of my predecessors attend Presbyterian Church used to present the gospel to people. Donald Ray Barnhouse was the one he had worked out a way of doing that which led in time to the conversion of the D.

James Kennedy, the pastor of the church in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, and who worked it into the evangelism explosion program, but it originated with Donald Barnhouse use to ask a diagnostic question. Whatever he was talking with somebody and was unsure of their salvation and the question went like this, he would say to if you were to die at this moment.

Sometimes he would say if he were to walk out of the church after we finished talking hit by a bus diet appear before God in heaven and God should ask you this question. What right do you have to come into my heaven, what would you say Barnhouse said he had discovered over a period of time asking the questions that there were really only three answers of anyone would give most common answer is to say something like this person would reply well I mean I say I'm pretty good life done a lot of good things haven't been particularly bad type of thing the person answered that way Barnhouse would take them to the Scriptures, showing how God sees our righteousness is as filthy rags and pointing out that by the works of the law no one will be declared righteous in God's sight.

You think you're going to get there because of your good works that's excluded the second answer, somebody might give had to do with this matter of silence. Barnhouse points out in one place where he was telling us that he was on the ocean liner crossing back to this country from Europe.

On one occasion he got into a conversation with a woman on the deck of the ship and asked that question. He said if you should die tomorrow and undersell before God in heaven and we should say to you what right do you have to come into my heaven, what would you say of the woman replied I got I would never think to say and Barnhouse said yes that's just did you see she was speechless so he took her to the passages, especially in the book of Romans and says that before God. Every mouth will be stopped that actually will be what will happen to all of us here when you're asked the question, you can say all I have my good works of all of lap one day if you stand before God and his glory. Realize what that amounts to one holding this really is will be a thing to say. Unless of course by his grace you found Jesus Christ as your Savior. In that case, you will be able to say something like this. I don't have any right to come here myself all, Jesus died for my sins and you've given me the covering of his righteousness like common lots in my righteousness, but in his that's why I'm able to stand before you. I comment your invitation, and that clothing you respond that way.

God's not going to reject you because to reject such a one would be to reject Jesus Christ himself is a this is a parable about salvation. Therefore, although it had to do with the Jews and their refusal on the advance of the gospel to the Gentiles.

It's one that comes the date of people who refuse to recognize their true problems.

One is to hear the invitation and not respond at all.

Many people for that category. They just don't have time for God. The other problem. A great willingness to hear and respond, in your own righteousness rather than in the righteousness of Christ is come that way will perish. Those who come in him, passed from death to life and will be received into heaven. Father, we thank you for the story. We thank you for the clarity with which it has been given by our Lord, thank you for the clear way in which it needs must be applied, give us grace to do that, we pray through the power of your spirit is a man you are listening to the Bible study hours with the Bible teaching of Dr. James Boyce listener supported ministry of the alliance of confessing Evangelicals. The alliance exists to promote a biblical understanding and worldview. Drawing upon the insight and wisdom of reformed theologians from decades and even centuries gone by. We seek to provide Christian teaching that will equip believers to understand and meet the challenges and opportunities of our time and place. Alliance broadcasting includes the Bible study hour with Dr. James Boyce every last word with Bible teacher, Dr. Philip Reich and Dr. Barnhouse in the Bible featuring Donald Barnhouse. For more information on the alliance including a free introductory package for first-time callers or to make a contribution. Please call toll-free 1-800-488-1888. Again, that's 1-800-488-1888. You can also write the alliance at Box 2000, Philadelphia PA 19103 or you can visit us for Canadian gifts mail those 2237 Hills Dr., Scarborough, ON M1 C2 line 9 ask for your free resource catalog between books, audio commentaries, booklets, videos, and a wealth of other materials from outstanding reformed teachers and diligent thank you again for your continued support and for listening to Bible study

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