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The Triumphal Entry

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice
The Truth Network Radio
April 12, 2021 8:00 am

The Triumphal Entry

The Bible Study Hour / James Boice

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April 12, 2021 8:00 am

This broadcast of The Bible Study Hour begins with an event that stirred an entire city and ends as Dr. Boice frames the greatest debate of all time. In this message entitled, The Triumphal Entry, we’ll follow Jesus on the road into Jerusalem and we’ll find out what happens when he turns out to be nothing like the warrior king that the Jews expected.

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Today's broadcast of the Bible study our begins with an event that stirred an entire city and ends as Dr. James Boyce frames the greatest debate of all time in the message entitled the triumphal entry will follow Jesus on the road into Jerusalem will find out what happens when he turns out to be nothing like the warrior king.

The Jews expected to the Bible study our radio and Internet broadcast with Dr. James Boyce preparing you to think and act biblically. The triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem is more than just a story for Sunday school coloring pages. It marked the beginning of the most climactic week in human. It marked the beginning of the most climactic week in human history.

Let's listen together as Dr. Boyce gives us the background on this important event for returning today. Our study of Matthew's gospel and we have come to the last momentous week price. Life the most important life that has ever been lived as the life of Jesus Christ and the most important part of that life is a spinal climactic week began with Jesus entry into Jerusalem on what we call Palm Sunday contained a number of significant or symbolic events, including the cleansing of the temple. There is much final teaching and then toward the end of the week. You have the rest of Jesus Christ's trial crucifixions and then finally his resurrection eight momentous days. All the final week is so important that the Gospels devote a disproportionate amount of their space to it life of Jesus extended over probably 33 years. He had a three year ministry. And yet we have the focus of attention given to these final eight days. Matthew devotes 1/4 of the gospel to chapters 21 to 28 Mark uses 1/3 of his gospel. Chapters 11 through 16 gives 1/5 of his chapters of the events of this last week. Halfway through chapter 19 through chapter 24 most remarkable of all. John gives one half of his gospel to getting in chapter 12 and going through chapter 21 you look at it another way, there 89 chapters all you put all the Gospels together and 29 1/2 of these exactly 1/3 of given to this final week reason, of course, it's the climactic event climactic week, not only in the life of Jesus Christ of all history is of the events are planned by God the father before the foundation of the world and our entire salvation depends upon what happened in Jerusalem during those days.

I was not just the Gospels and emphasize it either define summations of the gospel throughout the New Testament. Various letters in the book of acts, and emphasis is always upon what happened here.

There is a very short statement of the gospel in Romans 425 and it goes like this. He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification. If you want a longer statement you find in first Corinthians 15 Paul is summing up what is absolutely essential to Christianity and it goes like this. I received I passed on to you as of first importance that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures was buried that it was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Peter and then to the 12.

After that, he appeared to more than 500 of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living Osama fallen asleep, and he appeared to James and all the apostles and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born as the outline was followed by the early preachers of the gospel to study the book of acts that in mind, you find that's the way their sermons unfolded as they talked about the significant events what they meant and how they apply to us in terms of our salvation.

Never Matthew's perspective. Jesus entry into Jerusalem on what we call Palm Sunday was a sign of a spinal break with Judaism. You may remember from the studies that I presented earlier that Matthew's chief theme is the presentation of Jesus Christ is the king. The king of Israel, of course, is Matthew makes very clear from the beginning, when the Magi from the east to Keynes, the worship price is also the King of the Gentiles in the whole earth and live gospel ends.

That way, as the disciples of Christ are told to take this gospel everywhere.

This theme of the kingship of Jesus Christ is really what holds the gospel together. I divided it up into 10 sections of the go like this person about the coming of the kingdom. Chapters 1 through four in the sermon on the mount which is really the fundamental teaching of the kingdom. Chapters 5 through seven part three the power of the kingdom.

Chapters 8 through 10 part four is Jesus really God's king chapters 11 through 12.

The question is asked valid one. Part five the parables of the kingdom. Chapter 13 part six the withdrawal of the king Is 14 through 17 part seven citizens of the kingdom that there's a thing through 20 and now part H the king's final break with Judaism. Chapters 21 through 23 going to be two more parts after this art nine is a sermon on the Mount of olives looks ahead to the future and to study that in time and then finally, part 10, death and resurrection. Chapters 26, 28, death and resurrection of already been anticipated in the gospel because he had three prophecies of what was coming. Find them in Matthew 16 Matthew 17 Matthew 21st climactic week begins then with what we call the triumphal entry, Jesus came into Jerusalem here on Palm Sunday, each of the gospel records this event and live for significant thing they tell us about it. Everyone tells us this is a Jesus planned what that means is that it wasn't merely a spontaneous outburst on behalf of the people has spontaneous elements to it as others saw what was happening, but the event itself was something that Jesus had planned. That's really a way of saying what Jesus intended to do was make a statement, we would say at or perhaps create a symbolic action or several other things that fall into the same category as we move along what Matthew says is that as Jesus and the disciples were approaching Bethphage and outlying district of Jerusalem that essentially the disciples had of their band to procure donkey and a Matthew's the only gospel dimension to animals and there are scholars of course who have suggested, in the manner that is quite consulting Matthew that he invented the second animal to make it conform to the text from Zechariah out what she's going to quote what he misunderstood his abuse of the fact that scholars will bring several thousands of years after the original writer and who come from another culture and speak another language.

Assume that the original writers of new Hebrew as her own language are mistaken in understanding the text that he wasn't an adult he understood perfectly well what Zechariah was saying the prophecy is simply an example of Hebrew parallelism in which the two line say the same thing really could be translated this way on a donkey that is on the colt, the full of a donkey so all Matthew really is doing years, including a detail that the other Gospels omitted he saying that there were in fact to animals and what happened is that they put their clothes on the two animals that Jesus sat on the pole. The younger of the two, and when it says he sat on them.

It doesn't mean he sat on the two animals, but he sat upon the close plural were placed on the donkey so makes perfect sense. Matthew records Jesus is saying go to the village ahead of you and once you find a donkey tied air with a cold by her on find them and bring them to me and anyone says anything to you. Tell them that the Lord needs them and he'll send them right away. He doesn't mention what happens with Mark and Luke fill in a little bit of the details.

Somebody did in fact object is the going off of the animals when the explanation was given. They said fine.

Obviously he knew the Lord we ask the question why did Jesus arrange to enter Jerusalem. In this way did need the right of course it already walked all the way from Galilee, so we didn't need donkey to ride this last final descent down the Mount of olives in the city as a matter fact this is the only time in all the Gospels we ever hear Jesus doing anything but walking is quite out of character with anything you say will why did he do it. The obvious answer is that he was providing a symbolic action.

It's like Jeremiah LaBonte apartment broke it at the instruction of God.

To say that God was going to break up the nation, or use another example from Jeremiah's life when he was told by God to buy the field as a symbol of the fact that God was committed to the land that would bring people back is what Jesus is doing on explanation comes from this text in Zechariah tonight chapter in its verse nine and Matthew makes it clear he says this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet say to the daughter of Zion. See, your king comes to you, gentle riding on a donkey on the colt full of a donkey amount. The quotation comes from a section of that book which is prophesying, what is going to happen to Israel in the future. What is prophesying is the coming of the King I quotation doesn't occur in Mark or Luke, John IV of the Gospels also tells of the triumphal entry does have not all of it. John is merely emphasizing that is a fulfillment of prophecy. Matthew has quite something else in mind, here is Jesus coming as a king we say king yes but what kind of a caring answer significant because his coming is a warlike monarch kind of thing that would Palm on the mighty warhorse she's coming rather on the donkey and the emphasis is gentle, gentle and riding on a donkey.

That's what John leaves out the doesn't emphasize that point we mustn't think of course, of the donkey is an ignoble animal Kings didn't ride them when David appointed Solomon to be as air were told that he seated them up on his own donkey and took him to the high priest where he was to be anointed as a future king of the donkey was an ignoble but it did symbolize peace rather than war was emphasized here when it says that Jesus comes gentle and riding on a donkey, we might ask the question Jesus comes here in peace, gentle manner, inaugurating the peaceable kingdom but is he ever going to, and war has a mighty monarch in the answer to that is yes indeed, I miss coming to find it in the book of Revelation there is described as coming on a white horse to the judge and to do battle probably references they are to Isaiah 63 describes a king coming from Edom's robes died in the blood of his enemies be mighty victory of the last day.

That's not what is described here is not the age of militaristic church advancing the cause of Christ with the sword. We sing instead one of our hymns lead on, O King eternal verse goes like this or not with swords, loud clashing, or role of starting problems with deeds of love and mercy.

Heavenly kingdom comes. That's our calling. The point here. Jesus had been keeping his messianic claims a secret wasn't to be any premature attempt to make him a warlike king but nevertheless he wasn't kidding, once the inauguration of this week which was a final break with Judaism died on the cross and rise from the dead order to show what kind of a kingdom it's going to be now when the disciples arrived at the donkey's and they spread their clothes on them. Jesus sat on the colt and went down the steep ascent of the Mount of olives in the city as he was doing that with his disciples and others who are undoubtedly tagging along.

By this time was doing it in full sight of the citizens of Jerusalem see across the valley and they began to come out of the city to join them. So you have this great as it would seem at this point spontaneous gathering of the people and the people begin to cry out significant things quoted as saying thence's Hosanna to the son of David. Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord and Hosanna in the highest. If you look at the other Gospels. Luke adds the cry peace in heaven and glory in the highest, John adds the cry Blessed is the king of Israel were spontaneous praise chance but they were merely arbitrary reason we say that is the to at least come from Psalm 118. The significance of lattice of Psalm 119 is the last of that little group of Psalms are called the Egyptian Halal Halal means praise is a group of six homes at work particular praise songs and the significance of lattice and they were so that the special face were son at the feast of dedication of the various fees of the new moon, and above all, they were signed at the time of Passover Passover on the night of the Passover to those Psalms were son before the eating of the meal formers on afterwards. You recall some of the Gospels that Jesus and his disciples sign a Psalm in the upper room before they went out on that final night that they were together, these would been the Psalms from the Egyptian Halal and some hundred and 18 would've been one of them. So the point is that this was in the mind of the people at the time it was quite natural for them to begin to think along these lines, first one that comes from the Psalm is verse 25, old Lord, save us. Second is verse 26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord on the small Blessed is he a comes in the name of the Lord are found exactly as we have them in our English translations verse 25 is quoted differently. There is a connection. We can see we know that the words save us from old Lord save us in the first half of the verse are literally save us now, which is the Hebrew word Hosanna is what they were saying they were quoting from a Psalm, Hosanna to the son of David and Hosanna in the highest stop there and asked the question to the people understand what they were singing that they understand that this really was the very son of God, the second person of the Trinity coming in the name of his father died on the cross to become the Savior of the world.

Of course they did it and understand and in some cases, some of what was going on. Bethany understood that he was coming to die any case, whether they understood it or not this was the fulfillment of the prophecies. This is what Jesus succumbed to do. He was the son of God and the Savior very week he was going to die upon the cross to save his people from their sins by Matthew ends this account of the triumphal entry by telling us that when Jesus entered Jerusalem the whole city was stirred just as it had been 33 years older when the wisemen came came to Jerusalem, asking where is he was born King of the Jews were told that the whole city was stirred because of it here. It's happening all over again. Here, the people begin asked the question they say who is this the crowds respond. This is Jesus the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee now doesn't seem to be much of a confession on the surface was probably a great deal more to it than that.

After remember what the crowd was doing was calling this man it was entering on the donkey from the Mount of olives. The sign up in the son of God, giving him all those great titles so when the people in the city recognize that something was going on asked the question who is this what they really meant is who is this person who you were calling the Messiah answer comes back, the answer really means Jesus a prophet from Nazareth in Galilee is the Messiah messianic son of David, the king of Israel with quite a significant confession yet at the same time. It was an adequate for two reasons. First of all, and they were speaking of Jesus as the Messiah.

They were still thinking about a political Messiah still had in mind power might military forces and armies they thought well he's the one that is going to raise up an army large enough and strong enough to drive out the Romans that they were entirely mistaken, to bring the message of the cross and secondly it was inadequate because it didn't hold up here they are on what we call Sunday. On Sunday, raising Jesus as the Messiah, which is a little later on in the week Thursday. By my reckoning Friday by the most common dating when prompted by leaders of the people they change their tune entirely callout crucified and crucify them it's a lesson not to depend on popular opinion polls are trying to do what is right. You can ever be guided by the opinion of the people have a very inadequate confession. Here, though it was true as far as it goes, but what we have to ask is that same question that's the great question of all time.

Say question is this. Who is Jesus time to get your answer to that strike. Patient never done it before Matthew was presented Jesus as the king date is presented as the King of gangs and so the question is, is he became at his presenting them as a son of God and the question is, is he the son of God.

At the present and is the Savior of the question is this even Savior just religious language. God taught this is a great issue of all time and the Bible is correct your eternal destiny depends on how you answer that question take you through the possibilities. Only three of them and one that is a great impossibility is as we begin to think about it even though it is what is most common in most people's thinking. One thing you can say about Jesus that he was merely a good man because no good man can honestly make the claims he made most people think that as I always just a great teacher is a moral Manny set an example and so forth. When you begin to consider what he says you can't say that because he presented himself as the savior of the human race claiming to be God is obviously more than a man, but it is not Save the good man because he is mistaken.

At the very least of the worst is a deceiver say what are we to do with those claims have handled it somehow is what John Stott wrote on one occasion the claims are there. Do not in themselves constitute evidence of his deity, plaintiff may have been false with some explanation of them must be fun.

We cannot any longer regard Jesus was simply a great teacher if he was so previously mistaken, and one of the chief subjects of his teaching mainly himself or great Christian apologist CS Lewis along the same lines, you must make your choice. He said either this man was and is the son of God, or else a madman or something worse. You can shut him up for a fool spit at him and kill them, or a demon or you can fall at his feet and call him Lord and God.

Let's not come with any patronizing nonsense about his being a great human teacher is not left that open to us. He did not intend to. Let's look at those possibilities.

Think them through. These are important. What are the first Jesus may have been insane or want to use general language suffering from megalomania.

He was balanced in his opinion of himself. Probably that was true. Hitler maybe Napoleon and other examples of that in history. Does this explain Jesus Christ before we answer that he was out of his mind. After consider his character and what we know of it doesn't bear that out. Jesus act like a person that was crazy.

Somebody suffering from megalomania trying to track all this attention to himself. As you read the Gospels conclusion seems to be forced upon us, rather than being man. He was probably indeed undoubtedly the sanest man whoever lived spoke with quiet authority seemed always to be in control of every kind of situation just doesn't fit that easy classification balances like a possibility that he was a deceiver as he set out intentionally to fool people before you settle on that answer.

You have to consider a couple things about it. First of all of it was a deceiver and certainly the best one. Whoever lived is you have to remember here is making claims to be God and is making these in the context not of Greek or Roman culture when they had many gods and many beings of perhaps God of Manny's making this claim in the midst of monotheistic Judaism is one thing, the Jews insisted on is that there is one God rest of the world thought they were foolish to do it, but they believe that they hunted went or persecuted for it. Many of them were killed for it suggest anything else was blasphemy is Jesus Christ.

In that context, a Jew among Jews saying that he's God himself not only made the claim he got them to believe all kinds of people. Men and women peasants and sophisticates preschooler even members of his own family. So if he was a deceiver. He was certainly the best one. Whoever lived. Also, by contrast of the was a deceiver. He was also the worst one who ever lived, so much so that you would call in the devil because it didn't merely say I'm God and let it go at that. He said I'm God who has come to give my life in order that your sin might be punished, and you might have salvation.

He's gotten thousands, hundreds of thousands, millions of people follow them and if he was deceiving them.

People are of all people the most miserable and what he has done is lead a generation of gullible followers to a priceless eternity really dismissed Jesus Christ by saying you just set out to deceive people to fool them exactly only exclamation we have for one, was known as being meek and lowly, you became a poor itinerant evangelist in order to help the poor teach those some others despise the facts really don't fit so he eliminates those possibilities of Jesus Christ by defendant same and you eliminate the possibility that he was a deceiver when he left with only one other possibility and that is a Jesus is who he claimed to be a really is the son of God by his death on the cross, he really did become the Savior is what Matthew is proclaiming that's what the gospel is about is what Mark Luke and John also are proclaiming is what the early preachers proclaimed in Iraq since the teaching of the apostles is what the apostle Paul has to say you find it right there when you get to the final book of the New Testament, the book of Revelation is proclaimed as the Christ is proclaimed as a son of God proclaimed as a Savior you believe that your destiny depends upon you to believe that you need to follow spring father, we thank you for the clear way in which the claims of work of Christ are presented in the Gospels, how forcefully the comedown's recognize resistance of the human heart is why we pray, we ask that by your spirit you would break through the barrier slipped men and women set up against Christ and his gospel, the claims are still there. So we pray that you would use the exposition of these words to reach money draw some who've never come to salvation to Jesus Christ as the Savior we pray Jesus is you are listening to Bible study hours with the Bible teaching of Dr. James Boyce listener supported ministry of the alliance of confessing Evangelicals. The alliance exists to promote a biblical understanding and worldview. Drawing upon the insight and wisdom of reformed theologians from decades and even centuries gone by. We seek to provide Christian teaching that will equip believers to understand and meet the challenges and opportunities of our time and place. Alliance broadcasting includes the Bible study hour with Dr. James Boyce every last word with Bible teacher, Dr. Philip Reich and and Dr. Barnhouse in the Bible featuring Donald Barnhouse. For more information on the alliance including a free introductory package for first-time callers or to make a contribution. Please call toll-free 1-800-488-1888.

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